Latent Trait Modelling of Symptoms of Schizophrenia

Richard C. Bell, L. H. Low, H. J. Jackson, P. L. Dudgeon, D. L. Copolov, B. S. Singh

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15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Latent trait models were fitted to data for 149 schizophrenic or schizophreniform in- patients rated on the Scale for the Assessment of Positive Symptoms (SAPS) and the Scale for the Assessment of Negative Symptoms (SANS) using the Rasch Extended Logistic Model. It was found that a reduction in the numbers of rating categories, from six to three or four led to consistencies in response while deletion of several items led to consistent scales of symptoms that accorded with an item response characterization. Behaviours included in the final scales varied in the numbers of categories, and in the range of symptom level covered by a category. Relationships between scores representing symptoms were found to be modelled better by a factor structure that included a third overlapping ‘cognitive’ factor in addition to the now traditional positive and negative factors, than by the original positive and negative factors alone.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)335-345
Number of pages11
JournalPsychological Medicine
Volume24
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1994
Externally publishedYes

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