Late Holocene climate variability from Lake Pupuke maar, Auckland, New Zealand

B. Striewski, J. Shulmeister, P. C. Augustinus, J. Soderholm

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9 Citations (Scopus)


Spectral analyses of quasi-annual organo-diatomaceous laminae couplets in an Auckland maar lake indicate brief (sub-decadal scale) episodes with strong spectral power and long periods of weak to no spectral power between c. 1700 to c. 550cal. yr BP. Laminae couplet thickness appears to be a function of changes in wind flow over the basin, with enhanced wind flow deepening the mixing zone and providing additional nutrients for laminae formation. Aeolian dust from Australia amplifies the wind signal. Spectral signals in the high power episodes are focused in <4 years and 6-8 years windows. These are consistent with El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) periodicity. This climate system is known to play a major role in the modern Auckland climate whereby strongly negative (positive) ENSO are associated with enhanced (diminished) SW airflow over Auckland. ENSO events interact in the modern climate and the spectral results indicate that this is the case when spectral power is strong in the laminae. These results highlight strong but intermittent ENSO activity between 600 and 1400cal. yr BP.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)46-54
Number of pages9
JournalQuaternary Science Reviews
Publication statusPublished - 27 Aug 2013
Externally publishedYes


  • Auckland
  • Changes of wind regime
  • Diatom productivity
  • El Nino-Southern Oscillation
  • Lacustrine sediment sequences
  • Lake Pupuke
  • Laminae couplet thickness
  • New Zealand
  • Quasi-annual organo-diatomaceous laminae couplets
  • Southern Ocean
  • Spectral analysis

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