Late Afternoon Vigorous Exercise Increases Postmeal but Not Overnight Hypoglycemia in Adults with Type 1 Diabetes Managed with Automated Insulin Delivery

Dale Morrison, Barbora Paldus, Dessi P. Zaharieva, Melissa H. Lee, Sara Vogrin, Alicia J. Jenkins, André La Gerche, Richard J. MacIsaac, Sybil A. McAuley, Glenn M. Ward, Peter G. Colman, Carmel E.M. Smart, Rowen Seckold, Benyamin Grosman, Anirban Roy, Bruce R. King, Michael C. Riddell, David Norman O'Neal

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8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aim: To compare evening and overnight hypoglycemia risk after late afternoon exercise with a nonexercise control day in adults with type 1 diabetes using automated insulin delivery (AID). Methods: Thirty adults with type 1 diabetes using AID (Minimed 670G) performed in random order 40 min high intensity interval aerobic exercise (HIE), resistance (RE), and moderate intensity aerobic exercise (MIE) exercise each separated by >1 week. The closed-loop set-point was temporarily increased 2 h pre-exercise and a snack eaten if plasma glucose was ≤126 mg/dL pre-exercise. Exercise commenced at ∼16:00. A standardized meal was eaten at ∼20:40. Hypoglycemic events were defined as a continuous glucose monitor (CGM) reading <70 mg/dL for ≥15 min. Four-hour postevening meal and overnight (00:00-06:00) CGM metrics for exercise were compared with the prior nonexercise day. Results: There was no severe hypoglycemia. Between 00:00 and 06:00, the proportion of nights with hypoglycemia did not differ postexercise versus control for HIE (18% vs. 11%; P = 0.688), RE (4% vs. 14%; P = 0.375), and MIE (7% vs. 14%; P = 0.625). Time in range (TIR) (70-180 mg/dL), >75% for all nights, did not differ between exercise conditions and control. Hypoglycemia episodes postmeal after exercise versus control did not differ for HIE (22% vs. 7%; P = 0.219) and MIE (10% vs. 14%; P > 0.999), but were greater post-RE (39% vs. 10%; P = 0.012). Conclusions: Overnight TIR was excellent with AID without increased hypoglycemia postexercise between 00:00 and 06:00 compared with nonexercise days. In contrast, hypoglycemia risk was increased after the first meal post-RE, suggesting the importance of greater vigilance and specific guidelines for meal-time dosing, particularly with vigorous RE.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)873-880
Number of pages8
JournalDiabetes Technology and Therapeutics
Volume24
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Automated insulin delivery
  • Exercise
  • Glucose control
  • Hypoglycemia
  • Type 1 diabetes

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