A Bose-Einstein condensate (BEC) of a dilute atomic vapor represents the coldest matter ever produced in a laboratory, or even observed in the universe. The temperature of the atoms, which we usually associate with their translational (kinetic) energy can easily be in the nanoKelvin regime. This is truly an extreme physical condition and the optical techniques developed to create, probe and manipulate Bose-Einstein condensates are at the frontiers of optical spectroscopy.
|Title of host publication||Frontiers of Optical Spectroscopy|
|Editors||Baldassare di Bartolo, Ottavio Forte|
|Place of Publication||Dordrecht Netherlands|
|Publisher||Kluwer Academic Publishers|
|Pages||427 - 495|
|Number of pages||69|
|Publication status||Published - 2005|