Laser cooling and trapping of neutral atoms to ultralow temperatures

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A Bose-Einstein condensate (BEC) of a dilute atomic vapor represents the coldest matter ever produced in a laboratory, or even observed in the universe. The temperature of the atoms, which we usually associate with their translational (kinetic) energy can easily be in the nanoKelvin regime. This is truly an extreme physical condition and the optical techniques developed to create, probe and manipulate Bose-Einstein condensates are at the frontiers of optical spectroscopy.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationFrontiers of Optical Spectroscopy
EditorsBaldassare di Bartolo, Ottavio Forte
Place of PublicationDordrecht Netherlands
PublisherKluwer Academic Publishers
Pages427 - 495
Number of pages69
ISBN (Print)1-4020-2749-4
Publication statusPublished - 2005
Externally publishedYes

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