Laplacian and caustic imaging theories of MEM work-function contrast

Shane Kennedy, David Jesson, David Paganin

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

    6 Citations (Scopus)


    We apply geometrical, Laplacian, and caustic imaging theories to simulate the mirror electron microscope (MEM) contrast arising from a surface phase boundary associated with a discontinuity in work function. The key approximations inherent in the theories are highlighted and investigated within strong and weak scattering regimes from the work-function test object. For strongly varying potentials, the approximation that the electron classical turning distance is unchanged fails, invalidating the quantitative accuracy of the geometrical and Laplacian approaches. For sufficiently small defocus and surface height or potential variations, the Laplacian approach facilitates an intuitive interpretation of MEM contrast.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)348 - 355
    Number of pages8
    JournalIBM Journal of Research and Development
    Issue number4
    Publication statusPublished - 2011

    Cite this