Langlands Iron Foundry, Flinders Street, Melbourne

Sarah Myers, Sarah Mirams, Tom Mallett

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review


Langlands Iron Foundry was an early and significant industrial operation in Victoria, responsible for assembling the first iron paddle steamer and making the first locomotive boiler in the colony. Remains of the foundry were uncovered in June 2014 during an archaeological program preceding development of a site in Flinders Street in Melbourne. The site was located on the remains of a garden created by John Batman, one of the two “founders” of Melbourne in 1835 and was superseded by a commercial shipping butcher in 1864. In this paper we present archaeological and historical evidence relating to the garden and iron foundry to illuminate important aspects of working life and conditions in early Melbourne.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)78-99
Number of pages22
JournalInternational Journal of Historical Archaeology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2018


  • Early Melbourne
  • Industry
  • Iron working
  • Working conditions

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