Lactate as an insidious metabolite due to the Warburg effect

Raymond Luc, Stephanie M. Tortorella, Katherine Ververis, Tom C. Karagiannis

Research output: Contribution to journalReview ArticleResearchpeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)


Although oncogenetics remains a critical component of cancer biology and therapeutic research, recent interest has been taken towards the non-genetic features of tumour development and progression, such as cancer metabolism. Specifically, it has been observed that tumour cells are inclined to preferentially undergo glycolysis despite presence of adequate oxygen. First reported by Otto Warburg in the 1920s, and now termed the 'Warburg effect', this aberrant metabolism has become of particular interest due to the prevalence of the fermentation phenotype in a variety of cancers studied. Consequently, this phenotype has proven to play a pivotal role in cancer proliferation. As such Warburg's observations are now being integrated within the modern paradigms of cancer and in this review we explore the role of lactate as an insidious metabolite due to the Warburg effect.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)835-840
Number of pages6
JournalMolecular Biology Reports
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2015
Externally publishedYes


  • Warburg effect
  • Cancer metabolism
  • Lactate
  • Glycolysis
  • Glucose metabolism

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