The tumor suppressor function of PTEN is attributed to its phospholipid phosphatase activity that dephosphorylates the plasma membrane phosphatidylinositol-(3,4,5)-triphosphate [PtdIns(3,4,5)P3]. Implicit in this notion is that PTEN needs to be targeted to the plasma membrane to dephosphorylate PtdIns(3,4,5)P3. However, the recruitment of PTEN to the plasma membrane is not fully understood. Here, we demonstrate PTEN accumulation in the detergent-insoluble fraction of neuronal cells in response to treatment by the proteasome inhibitor lactacystin. First, lactacystin induces apoptosis and the activation of caspase-3 in cultured cortical neurons. Second, PTEN undergoes proteolysis to form a truncated 50-kDa form that lacks parts of its C-terminal tail. Third, the truncated PTEN is stably associated with the detergent-insoluble fraction in which the plasma membrane marker protein flotillin-1 resides. Taken together, our results suggest that truncation and accumulation of PTEN to the detergent-insoluble membrane fraction are two events associated with the apoptotic signals of the proteasome inhibitor in cortical neurons.
- Neuronal death
- Tumor suppressor