L-selectin facilitates emigration and extravascular locomotion of leukocytes during acute inflammatory responses in vivo

M. J. Hickey, M. Forster, D. Mitchell, J. Kaur, C. De Caigny, Paul Kubes

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L-selectin has been shown to be important in mediating leukocyte recruitment during inflammatory responses. Although there are numerous in vitro studies demonstrating that engagement of L-selectin leads to the activation of several signaling pathways potentially contributing to subsequent adhesion, emigration, or even migration through the interstitium, whether this actually induces cellular events in vivo is completely unknown. Therefore, we used intravital microscopy to visualize the role of L-selectin in downstream leukocyte adhesion, emigration, and interstitial migration events in wild-type and L-selectin-deficient (L-selectin(-/-)) mice. The cremaster muscle was superfused with the chemotactic inflammatory mediators platelet-activating factor or KC. Leukocyte rolling, adhesion, and emigration in postcapillary venules were examined, and the migration of emigrated leukocytes was recorded continuously using time-lapse videomicroscopy. Platelet-activating factor increased leukocyte adhesion to a similar level in both wild-type and L-selectin(-/-) mice. In contrast, both the number of emigrated leukocytes and the distance of extravascular migration were significantly reduced in L-selectin(-/-) mice. A similar pattern was observed in response to the superfusion of KC. Because superfusion of these mediators induced chemokinesis, we developed a new in vivo chemotaxis assay using slow release of KC from an agarose gel positioned 350 μm from a postcapillary venule. These experiments showed that L-selectin(-/-) leukocytes were also severely impaired in their ability to respond to a directional cue. These findings indicate that L-selectin is important in enabling leukocytes to respond effectively to chemotactic stimuli in inflamed tissues.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7164-7170
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Immunology
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 15 Dec 2000
Externally publishedYes

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