Knowledge, attitudes and practices of COVID-19 in rural Bangladesh: a cross-sectional study

Bodrun Naher Siddiquea, Afsana Afroz, Mohammad Rocky Khan Chowdhury, Feby Savira, Sheikh M. Alif, Oashe Bhattacharya, Md Nassif Hossain, Liaquat Ali, Hasina Akhter Chowdhury, Aishwarya Shetty, Md Shariful Islam, Baki Billah

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OBJECTIVES: Understanding the knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAP) of COVID-19 within distinct populations may aid further public health messaging. This study's aims were to explore KAP towards COVID-19 in rural Bangladesh and identify any potential links to sociodemographics, existing clinical conditions and sources of information. DESIGN: Cross-sectional community-based study. SETTING: Participants were recruited from 18 villages using multistage cluster random sampling. METHODS: Data were collected through face-to-face interviews, from June to November 2021, using a structured questionnaire. Data included sociodemographics, clinical conditions, sources of information and KAP of COVID-19 questions. Χ2 test, multiple logistic regression and correlation analyses were performed. RESULTS: A total of 1603 participants were included with mean ages of 42.3±14.2 years, ranging from 18 to 60 years. Of these, 51% were male, 42.2% had secondary education and 45% had comorbidities. Television was the main source of COVID-19 information (55.8%). The overall correct response rate of KAP questions was 90%, 78% and 59%, respectively. In stepwise multiple logistic regression, good knowledge was associated with higher education (adjusted OR (AOR): 4.61, 95% CI: 2.40 to 8.85, p<0.001), employment, high body mass index (overweight and obese) and trust in the sources of information. Being female (AOR: 1.48, 95% CI: 1.19 to 1.85, p<0.001), having depression (AOR: 1.80, 95% CI: 1.34 to 2.43, p<0.001), being a past smoker and sources of information (family members/friends/relatives/neighbours) were associated with positive attitudes. Good practices were associated with older age (AOR: 1.52, 95% CI: 1.10 to 2.11, p=0.01), higher education (AOR: 2.78, 95% CI: 1.58 to 4.89, p<0.001) and having anxiety, while current smokers and fully vaccinated people were less likely to be engaged in good practices. Positive significant correlations between domains of KAP were observed as well as between past vaccination KAP and COVID-19 KAP. CONCLUSION: This study uncovered gaps in understanding and practices, and identified targeted intervention especially for young and less educated people using mass media to promote updated knowledge regarding COVID-19 and the efficacy of preventive practices.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere064754
Number of pages15
JournalBMJ Open
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 15 Feb 2023


  • COVID-19
  • Infection control

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