Knowledge and training in paediatric medical traumatic stress and trauma-informed care among emergency medical professionals in low- and middle-income countries

Claire Hoysted, Franz E. Babl, Nancy Kassam-Adams, Markus A. Landolt, Laura Jobson, Claire Van Der Westhuizen, Sarah Curtis, Anupam B. Kharbanda, Mark D. Lyttle, Niccolo Parri, Rachel Stanley, Eva Alisic

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Abstract

Background: Provision of psychosocial care, in particular trauma-informed care, in the immediate aftermath of paediatric injury is a recommended strategy to minimize the risk of paediatric medical traumatic stress. Objective: To examine the knowledge of paediatric medical traumatic stress and perspectives on providing trauma-informed care among emergency staff working in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Method: Training status, knowledge of paediatric medical traumatic stress, attitudes towards incorporating psychosocial care and barriers experienced were assessed using an online self-report questionnaire. Respondents included 320 emergency staff from 58 LMICs. Data analyses included descriptive statistics, t-tests and multiple regression. Results: Participating emergency staff working in LMICs had a low level of knowledge of paediatric medical traumatic stress. Ninety-one percent of respondents had not received any training or education in paediatric medical traumatic stress, or trauma-informed care for injured children, while 94% of respondents indicated they wanted training in this area. Conclusions: There appears to be a need for training and education of emergency staff in LMICs regarding paediatric medical traumatic stress and trauma-informed care, in particular among staff working in comparatively lower income countries.
Original languageEnglish
Article number1468703
Number of pages11
JournalEuropean Journal of Psychotraumatology
Volume9
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2018

Keywords

  • child traumatic stress
  • Paediatric injury
  • psychological first aid
  • psychosocial care
  • traumatic stress

Cite this

Hoysted, C., Babl, F. E., Kassam-Adams, N., Landolt, M. A., Jobson, L., Van Der Westhuizen, C., Curtis, S., Kharbanda, A. B., Lyttle, M. D., Parri, N., Stanley, R., & Alisic, E. (2018). Knowledge and training in paediatric medical traumatic stress and trauma-informed care among emergency medical professionals in low- and middle-income countries. European Journal of Psychotraumatology, 9(1), [1468703]. https://doi.org/10.1080/20008198.2018.1468703