Knowledge and lifestyle practices of hypertensive patients attending a primary health care clinic in Botswana

Lindiwe Zungu, F R Djumbe, Geoffrey Setswe

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    The aim of this study was to assess the lifestyle practices of patients with hypeliension (HPT) attending a primary health clinic in Botswana. A quantitative cross-sectional descriptive survey was conducted among patients with hypertension attending Extension II clinic for follow-up care in Gaborone. A self-administered questionnaire consisting of both closed and open-ended questions was used to collect data. Of the 446 participants who were recruited, 293 (65.9 ) were females and 285 (63.9 ) were older than 40 years with 219 (49.1 ) reporting a family history of hypertension. The results showed that non-smokers were more likely to know more about HPT than smokers (OR = 1.995; CI: 0.639 - 6.225). Participants level of knowledge varied from average to high. Only 37 of the participants scored greater than 75 for assessment of their knowledge regarding the acceptable lifestyle practices for persons with hypertension and cumulatively 59 could be rated as having acceptable knowledge oflifestyle practices in relation to their chronic disease. A significant relationship was found between alcohol intake and knowledge of hypertension (x2 = 4.140; P = 0.002). Participants who reported not to drink alcohol had a higher level of knowledge score (39 ) compared to those who confirmed to consume alcohol (25 ). A majority (91 ) of those who reported to be trying to lose weight had a good knowledge of hypertension. Also, a negative association was revealed between participants knowledge of hypertension and gaining weight recently (x2 = 1.171; P = 0.279). This finding could imply that participants knowledge of hypertension was not adequate to enable them to make healthy weight management choices. This study confirms that a relation exists between the knowledge of hypertension, demographic factors and lifestyle practices among participants. Thus, hypertension is a chronic but preventable disease; and thus adequate knowledge of the disease and lifestyle modification are important features in its effective control and management.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)133 - 148
    Number of pages16
    JournalAfrican Journal for Physical, Health Education, Recreation and Dance
    Issue numberSupplement 1
    Publication statusPublished - 2013

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