Knowledge and attitude of pharmacy students regarding geriatric care: Questionnaire-based analysis in Malaysia

Ali Qais Blebil, Juman Abdulelah Dujaili, Ali Haider Mohammed, Kaeshaelya Thiruchelvam, Shaun Lee, Ramadan Elkalmi, Yee Chang Soh, Audrey Yong, Rohullah Roien

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Introduction: There is a predicted growth of up to 17% in an older adult of Malaysian above 60 years of age by 2040. This will increase the workload of almost every healthcare provider to ensure optimal geriatric care. Purpose: This study aimed to assess pharmacy students’ knowledge and attitudes towards geriatric pharmacy education and older patients to determine their preparation in delivering appropriate medical care to the geriatric population. Methods: Self-administered questionnaires were distributed among pharmacy students in different Malaysian universities. The survey included several sections to assess multiple aspects such as sociodemographic information, assessment of knowledge using a validated 28-item Geriatric Knowledge Assessment Scale (GKAS), and attitudes towards geriatrics education. Results: The response rate was around 70% of the respondents. The mean (± standard deviation) age of the cohort was 22.28 (±1.12) years. Despite around 78% of pharmacy students claiming that their knowledge of geriatric care is adequate, their GKAS score showed that only around 20% have high geriatric knowledge. Around 80% of them showed a positive attitude on the importance of taking courses focused on geriatric care and demonstrated interest to further knowledge and training in geriatric care. However, more than half of the students were uncertain of their answers towards their attitudes regarding older patients. Conclusion: Given the growing role of pharmacists in the ageing population, this study highlights the importance of geriatric care education among potential pharmacists. Therefore, we urge the need to improve/develop geriatrics education and training into the pharmacy curriculum to ensure sufficient preparation for actual practice after graduation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)95-102
Number of pages8
JournalAdvances in Medical Education and Practice
Publication statusPublished - 2022


  • Attitude
  • Geriatric care
  • Knowledge
  • Malaysia
  • Older adult
  • Pharmacy students

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