KIZKALE YERLEŞMESİ VE NEKROPOLÜ (NAHÇIVAN, AZERBAYCAN)

Translated title of the contribution: KIZKALE SETTLEMENT AND ITS NECROPOLIS (NAKHCHIVAN, AZERBAIJAN)

Hilary Gopnik, Veli Bakhshaliyev, Lauren Ristvet, Selin Nugent

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Research shows that despite several distinctive features, the Middle Bronze Age cultures of the South Caucasus and East Anatolia share many similarities. During the Middle Bronze Age black ceramics were widespread in parts of the South Caucasus, however, painted ceramics characterized the southern areas. These Middle Bronze Age ceramic cultures from the South Caucasus were also present in Northwest Iran (Iranian Azerbaijan) and East Anatolia. The origins of the culture of painted ceramics of the Middle Bronze Age are subject to debate, while the particular local features are designated by various names. In general, excavations in East Anatolia, Northwest Iran, and the South Caucasus have revealed few settlements connected with the culture of painted ceramics of the Middle Bronze Age (2400-1500BC). In East Anatolia, Georgia, Armenia and in Azerbaijan, not including Nakhchivan, no settlements connected with this culture have been identified. There are, however, evidence of fortifications at such
Middle Bronze Age sites as Bezekli, Kazançikale, Gurddag and Geynukkale. Additionally, the locations of these monuments in easily defensible places illustrate the need for defense among the Middle Bronze Age occupants of
Nakhchivan. Indeed, fortresses and fortified settlements are widespread during this period. Excavations at Kültepe II and Kızkale, located in river valleys, also show the importance of fortifications, even in less easily defended areas.
Prior to our work, however, fortress-type settlements have not been excavated. From this view point, excavations at the settlement of Kızkale are very important. After the earlier stratigraphic excavations at Kültepe I and Kültepe
II, Kızkale has provided importance evidence of Middle Bronze Age settlement. In addition, work at Kızkale has explored this settlement’s citadel, its domestic settlement, and a necropolis which are important for studying the painted ceramic culture of the Middle Bronze Age in general.
Translated title of the contributionKIZKALE SETTLEMENT AND ITS NECROPOLIS (NAKHCHIVAN, AZERBAIJAN)
Original languageTurkish
Pages (from-to)47-61
Number of pages15
JournalTUBA - AR
Volume25
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 25 Dec 2019

Keywords

  • Archaeology
  • South Caucasus
  • Ceramics
  • Agropastoralism

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