Key considerations for successful implementation of maternal immunization programs in low and middle income countries

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The Maternal Neonatal Tetanus Elimination program is proof of concept for the feasibility and potential for maternal immunization to reduce neonatal mortality particularly in low and middle-income countries. Introduction of any additional vaccine into the antenatal space, such as Influenza and Pertussis, and potentially Respiratory Syncytial Virus and Group B Streptococcus vaccines in the future, requires strengthening of antenatal care and immunization services. Successful implementation also requires robust disease surveillance in pregnant women and neonates and active surveillance for adverse events following immunization to monitor the impact and ensure the safe use of the vaccine. This review outlines five key elements essential for successful implementation of a maternal immunization program focusing particularly on low and middle-income countries. These include; relevant considerations in supporting a decision to undertake a maternal immunization program including knowledge of local disease epidemiology, involvement of the consumer, healthcare provider recommendation, equitable access to maternal vaccination, and systems for disease surveillance, program evaluation and safety monitoring.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)942-950
Number of pages9
JournalHuman Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 3 Apr 2019


  • Group B Streptococcus
  • implementation
  • influenza
  • Maternal immunization
  • pertussis
  • pregnancy
  • respiratory syncytial virus
  • vaccines

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