Keck HIRES spectroscopy of SkyMapper commissioning survey candidate extremely metal-poor stars

A. F. Marino, G. S. Da Costa, A. R. Casey, M. Asplund, M. S. Bessell, A. Frebel, S. C. Keller, K. Lind, A. D. Mackey, S. J. Murphy, T. Nordlander, J. E. Norris, B. P. Schmidt, D. Yong

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Abstract

We present results from the analysis of high-resolution spectra obtained with the Keck HIRES spectrograph for a sample of 17 candidate extremely metal-poor (EMP) stars originally selected from commissioning data obtained with the SkyMapper telescope. Fourteen of the stars have not been observed previously at high dispersion. Three have [Fe/H] ≤ −3.0, while the remainder, with two more metal-rich exceptions, have −3.0 ≤ [Fe/H] ≤ −2.0 dex. Apart from Fe, we also derive abundances for the elements C, N, Na, Mg, Al, Si, Ca, Sc, Ti, Cr, Mn, Co, Ni, and Zn, and for n-capture elements Sr, Ba, and Eu. None of the current sample of stars is found to be carbon-rich. In general, our chemical abundances follow previous trends found in the literature, although we note that two of the most metal-poor stars show very low [Ba/Fe] (∼−1.7) coupled with low [Sr/Ba] (∼−0.3). Such stars are relatively rare in the Galactic halo. One further star, and possibly two others, meet the criteria for classification as a r-I star. This study, together with that of Jacobson et al. (2015), completes the outcomes of the SkyMapper commissioning data survey for EMP stars.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5153-5167
Number of pages15
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Volume485
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 13 Mar 2019

Keywords

  • Galaxy: halo
  • Galaxy: stellar content
  • Stars: abundances
  • Stars: Population II

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