Kallmann syndrome and schizophrenia share several clinical features, including dysfunctional olfactory ability, hypogonadotrophic hypogonadism, an excess of affected males, and psychiatric presentation. Because of this congruence, it has been proposed that up to 70% of male schizophrenics might have mutations affecting the function or expression of the gene mutated in Kallmann syndrome, KAL-X. We identified and studied 9 unrelated males with schizophrenia (as defined by DSM-IIIR criteria) who also have severe anosmia (first percentile of normal range) and low sex drive (seventh percentile of the normal range), and we sequenced the exons and the intron-exon junctions of the KAL-X gene for each. We found no mutations, and conclude that schizophrenia is rarely, if ever, due to a mutation in the coding sequence or splice junctions of KAL-X.
|Number of pages
|American Journal of Medical Genetics Part B: Neuropsychiatric Genetics
|Published - 5 Feb 1999
- Hypogonadotropic hypogonadism
- Kallmann syndrome
- KSV model