K+ channel modulation of slow wave activity in the guinea-pig prostate

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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate the role of different K(+) channel populations and the inhibitory effect of various exogenously applied K(+) channel openers in the regulation of slow wave activity in the guinea-pig prostate. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH: Recordings of membrane potential were made using intracellular microelectrodes. KEY RESULTS: Tetraethylammonium (TEA 300 micro M and 1 mM), iberiotoxin (150 nM) and 4-aminopyridine (4-AP 1 mM) increased the frequency of slow wave discharge. Apamin (1-200 nM) and glibenclamide (1 micro M) had no effect on slow wave activity. Lemakalim (1 micro M) and PCO-400 (1 micro M) abolished the slow waves, as did sodium nitroprusside (SNP 10 micro M) and calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP 100 nM). The inhibitory effect of these agents was independent of a significant change in membrane potential. In the presence of 4-AP (1 mM), TEA (1 mM) or glibenclamide (1 micro M) the inhibitory actions of SNP (10 micro M) were attenuated. The inhibitory actions of CGRP (100 nM) were also reversed by glibenclamide (1 micro M). In contrast, isoprenaline (1 micro M) did not alter the frequency of slow wave discharge. CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS: These results demonstrate that BK(Ca) and 4-AP-sensitive K(+) channels regulate the frequency of prostatic slow wave discharge. SNP and CGRP abolish slow waves in a hyperpolarisation-independent manner, partially via opening of K(ATP) channels. BK(Ca) and 4-AP-sensitive K(+) channels also play an important role in the SNP-induced inhibition of slow wave activity. The lack of membrane hyperpolarisation associated with the SNP- and CGRP-induced inhibition implies that the channels involved in this action are not predominantly located on the smooth muscle cells.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)828 - 836
Number of pages9
JournalBritish Journal of Pharmacology
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2007

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