In translucent (or managed reach) WDM optical networks, regenerators are employed at specific nodes. Some of the connections in such networks are routed transparently, while others have to go through a sequence of 3R regenerators that serve as "refueling stations" to restore their quality of transmission (QoT). We extend an online multicost algorithm for transparent networks presented in our previous study , to obtain an IA-RWA algorithm that works in translucent networks and makes use, when required, of the regenerators present at certain locations of the network. To characterize a path, the algorithm uses a multicost formulation with several cost parameters, including the set of available wavelengths, the length of the path, the number of regenerators used, and noise variance parameters that account for the physical layer impairments. Given a new connection request and the current utilization state of the network, the algorithm calculates a set of non dominated candidate paths, meaning that any path in this set is not inferior with respect to all cost parameters than any other path. This set consists of all the cost-effective (in terms of the domination relation) and feasible (in terms of QoT) lightpaths for the given source-destination pair, including all the possible combinations for the utilization of available regenerators of the network. An optimization function or policy is then applied to this set in order to select the optimal lightpath. Different optimization policies correspond to different IA-RWA algorithms. We propose and evaluate several optimization policies, such as the most used wavelength, the best quality of transmission, the least regeneration usage, or a combination of these rules. Our results indicate that in a translucent network the employed IA-RWA algorithm has to consider all problem parameters, namely, the QoT of the lightpaths, the utilization of wavelengths and the availability of regenerators, to efficiently serve the online traffic.
- 3R regenerators
- Impairment-aware routing and wavelength assignment (IA-RWA) algorithms
- Multicost algorithms
- Physical layer impairments
- Quality of transmission
- Translucent networks
- Wavelength routed WDM networks