Job stress and other working conditions: relationships with smoking behaviors in a representative sample of working Australians

Zemia Samia Radi, Aleck S Ostry, Anthony D LaMontagne

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62 Citations (Scopus)


OBJECTIVES: To assess the relationships between current smoking status and psychosocial working conditions. METHODS: A cross-sectional population-based telephone survey was conducted (66 response rate, N = 1,101). Job stress was measured using the demand/control, effort/reward imbalance (ERI), and job pressure models. Multiple regression modelling was conducted for smoking status (current versus non-smokers, and a more restricted analysis of current versus former-smokers) and daily smoking intensity outcomes in relation to job stress measures, working hours, shift work, and other independent variables. RESULTS: After adjustment for age, education, martial status, and hostility, high job strain was positively associated with current smoking in men only. Employment in active jobs was associated with decreased odds of smoking among women only. High strain jobs were associated with decreased odds of current smoking compared to former smoking in women. In men, extreme and moderate job pressure were related to current smoking compared to current non-smoking, and moderate job pressure was associated with current smoking compared with former smokers. Other working conditions associated with smoking were excessive working hours in men and physical demand in women. Daily smoking intensity in current smokers was associated with high psychological demand and with ERI in women. CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that job stress is related to smoking status at the population level, with different patterns in men and women.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)584 - 596
Number of pages13
JournalAmerican Journal of Industrial Medicine
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 2007

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