Isolation of the posterior left atrium for patients with persistent atrial fibrillation: Routine adenosine challenge for dormant posterior left atrial conduction improves long-term outcome

Alex J.A. McLellan, Sandeep Prabhu, Alex Voskoboinik, Michael C.G. Wong, Tomos E. Walters, Bhupesh Pathik, Gwilym M. Morris, Ashley Nisbet, Geoffrey Lee, Joseph B. Morton, Jonathan M. Kalman, Peter M. Kistler

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Aims Catheter ablation to achieve posterior left atrial wall (PW) isolation may be performed as an adjunct to pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) in patients with persistent atrial fibrillation (AF). We aimed to determine whether routine adenosine challenge for dormant posterior wall conduction improved long-term outcome. Methods A total of 161 patients with persistent AF (mean age 59 + 9 years, AF duration 6 + 5 years) underwent catheter ab- and results lation involving circumferential PVI followed by PW isolation. Posterior left atrial wall isolation was performed with a roof and inferior wall line with the endpoint of bidirectional block. In 54 patients, adenosine 15 mg was sequentially administered to assess reconnection of the pulmonary veins and PW. Sites of transient reconnection were ablated and adenosine was repeated until no further reconnection was present. Holter monitoring was performed at 6 and 12 months to assess for arrhythmia recurrence. Posterior left atrial wall isolation was successfully achieved in 91% of 161 patients (procedure duration 191 + 49 min, mean RF time 40 + 19 min). Adenosine-induced reconnection of the PW was demonstrated in 17%. The single procedure freedom from recurrent atrial arrhythmia was superior in the adenosine challenge group (65%) vs. no adenosine challenge (40%, P, 0.01) at a mean follow-up of 19 + 8 months. After multiple procedures, there was significantly improved freedom from AF between patients with vs. without adenosine PW challenge (85 vs. 65%, P ¼ 0.01). Conclusion Posterior left atrial wall isolation in addition to PVI is a readily achievable ablation strategy in patients with persistent AF. Routine adenosine challenge for dormant posterior wall conduction was associated with an improvement in the success of catheter ablation for persistent AF.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1958-1966
Number of pages9
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2017
Externally publishedYes


  • Adenosine
  • Atrial fibrillation
  • Posterior left atrial wall isolation
  • Pulmonary vein isolation
  • Pulmonary vein reconnection

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