Isolation of nanocrystalline cellulose (NCC) from palm oil empty fruit bunch (EFB): Preliminary result on FTIR and DLS analysis

Bawaanii Shanmugarajah, Peck Loo Kiew, Irene Mei Leng Chew, Thomas Shean Yaw Choong, Khang Wei Tan

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

    13 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Recent research interest has been focused on the successful synthesis of Nanocrystalline Cellulose (NCC). NCC which can be isolated from natural fibre possesses exclusive properties such as large surface area, high aspect ratio, biocompatibility and exceptional mechanical properties for various industry applications. In this study, NCC was isolated from palm oil biomass waste, i.e. empty fruit bunch (EFB) through various stages of chemical treatments. This multistep process embrace a bleaching and alkali treatment to efficiently remove impurities, waxy substances, hemicellulose and lignin from EFB fibre, and the remaining cellulose product was acid hydrolysed into nanocellulose material. Hence, as an evidence the products obtained from each stage were characterized by using Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR) to identify the presence of functional groups in cellulose. Additionally, Dynamic Light Scattering (DLS) technique showed NCC with an average particle size of 499.2 nm was obtained.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1705 - 1710
    Number of pages6
    JournalChemical Engineering Transactions
    Volume45
    Issue numberOctober 2015
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2015

    Cite this

    Shanmugarajah, Bawaanii ; Kiew, Peck Loo ; Chew, Irene Mei Leng ; Choong, Thomas Shean Yaw ; Tan, Khang Wei. / Isolation of nanocrystalline cellulose (NCC) from palm oil empty fruit bunch (EFB): Preliminary result on FTIR and DLS analysis. In: Chemical Engineering Transactions. 2015 ; Vol. 45, No. October 2015. pp. 1705 - 1710.
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    abstract = "Recent research interest has been focused on the successful synthesis of Nanocrystalline Cellulose (NCC). NCC which can be isolated from natural fibre possesses exclusive properties such as large surface area, high aspect ratio, biocompatibility and exceptional mechanical properties for various industry applications. In this study, NCC was isolated from palm oil biomass waste, i.e. empty fruit bunch (EFB) through various stages of chemical treatments. This multistep process embrace a bleaching and alkali treatment to efficiently remove impurities, waxy substances, hemicellulose and lignin from EFB fibre, and the remaining cellulose product was acid hydrolysed into nanocellulose material. Hence, as an evidence the products obtained from each stage were characterized by using Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR) to identify the presence of functional groups in cellulose. Additionally, Dynamic Light Scattering (DLS) technique showed NCC with an average particle size of 499.2 nm was obtained.",
    author = "Bawaanii Shanmugarajah and Kiew, {Peck Loo} and Chew, {Irene Mei Leng} and Choong, {Thomas Shean Yaw} and Tan, {Khang Wei}",
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    Isolation of nanocrystalline cellulose (NCC) from palm oil empty fruit bunch (EFB): Preliminary result on FTIR and DLS analysis. / Shanmugarajah, Bawaanii; Kiew, Peck Loo; Chew, Irene Mei Leng; Choong, Thomas Shean Yaw; Tan, Khang Wei.

    In: Chemical Engineering Transactions, Vol. 45, No. October 2015, 2015, p. 1705 - 1710.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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    AU - Shanmugarajah, Bawaanii

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    AU - Chew, Irene Mei Leng

    AU - Choong, Thomas Shean Yaw

    AU - Tan, Khang Wei

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