Isolation of a mutant LLC‐PK1 cell line defective in hormonal responsiveness: A pleiotropic lesion in receptor function

David A. JANS, Therese J. RESINK, Lynette E. WILSON, Edward REICH, Brian A. HEMMINGS

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Abstract

A mutant LLC‐PK1 cell line, M18, was isolated after a single treatment of the parent culture with N‐methyl‐N′‐nitro‐N‐nitroso‐guanidine. In contrast to LLC‐PK1 cells, the mutant did not exhibit production of urokinasetype plasminogen activator (uPA) in response to the hormones calcitonin and vasopressin, but produced the expected levels of uPA upon stimulation by the receptor‐independent adenylate cyclase activators forskolin and cholera toxin, as well as by the phosphodiesterase inhibitor isobutylmethylxanthine and the 8‐bromo analogue of adenosine cyclic monophosphate, Br8cAMP. The patterns of activation of cAMP‐dependent protein kinase were identical to those of uPA induction: calcitonin and vasopressin were without effect, but the response to all other agents was normal. In similar fashion, mutant cell homogenates displayed normal activation of adenylate cyclase upon treatment with sodium fluoride, forskolin, or the non‐hydrolyzable GTP analogue guanosine 5′‐[β,γ‐imino]triphosphate, but were unresponsive to calcitonin or vasopressin. The ability of M18 cells to bind radioactively labelled calcitonin and vasopressin was measured. The mutant possessed less than 4% of the normal levels of the receptor binding activity for both hormones. Somatic cell hybrids formed between M18 and LLC‐PK1 cells were found to retain normal hormone binding activity and responsiveness to hormones, indicating that the defect in M18 cells was recessive. M18 was concluded most probably to contain a single mutation impairing the function of two distinct polypeptide hormone receptors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)407-412
Number of pages6
JournalEuropean Journal of Biochemistry
Volume160
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1986
Externally publishedYes

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