The aroC genes from Salmonella typhi and Escherichia coli, encoding 5-enolpyruvylshikimate-3-phosphate phospholyase (chorismate synthase) were cloned in E. coli and their DNA sequences were determined. The aroC gene from S. typhi was isolated from a cosmid gene bank by complementation of an E. coli aroC mutant. The corresponding E. coli gene was isolated from a pBR322 gene bank by colony hybridization using DNA encoding the aroC gene from S. typhi as a hybridization probe. Analysis of the nucleotide sequence revealed that both genes have an open reading frame capable of encoding proteins comprising 361 amino acids. The calculated molecular mass of the protein from S. typhi is 39108 Da while that of the protein from E. coli is 39138 Da. Homology is particularly strong between the coding regions of the genes: 95% when protein sequences are compared, and 83% when DNA sequences are examined. Use of a deletion variant of the E. coli aroC gene demonstrates that the C-terminal 36 amino acids are not essential for the correct folding or functional activity of the chorismate synthase enzyme.