Isolated proteinuria due to CUBN homozygous mutation - Challenging the investigative paradigm

Kushani Jayasinghe, Susan M. White, Peter G. Kerr, Duncan MacGregor, Zornitza Stark, Ella Wilkins, Cas Simons, Andrew Mallett, Catherine Quinlan

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Abstract

Background: Proteinuria is a common clinical presentation, the diagnostic workup for which involves many non-invasive and invasive investigations. We report on two siblings that highlight the clinically relevant functional role of cubulin for albumin resorption in the proximal tubule and supports the use of genomic sequencing early in the diagnostic work up of patients who present with proteinuria. Case presentation: An 8-year-old boy was referred with an incidental finding of proteinuria. All preliminary investigations were unremarkable. Further assessment revealed consanguineous family history and a brother with isolated proteinuria. Renal biopsy demonstrated normal light microscopy and global glomerular basement membrane thinning on electron microscopy. Chromosomal microarray revealed long continuous stretches of homozygosity (LCSH) representing ~ 4.5% of the genome. Shared regions of LCSH between the brothers were identified and their further research genomic analysis implicated a homozygous stop-gain variant in CUBN (10p12.31). Conclusions: CUBN mutations have been implicated as a hereditary cause of megaloblastic anaemia and variable proteinuria. This is the second reported family with isolated proteinuria due to biallelic CUBN variants in the absence of megaloblastic anaemia, demonstrating the ability of genomic testing to identify genetic causes of nephropathy within expanding associated phenotypic spectra. Genomic sequencing, undertaken earlier in the diagnostic trajectory, may reduce the need for invasive investigations and the time to definitive diagnosis for patients and families.

Original languageEnglish
Article number330
Number of pages5
JournalBMC Nephrology
Volume20
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 22 Aug 2019

Keywords

  • Chronic kidney disease
  • Genetics
  • Genomics

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