Isobaric heat capacity measurements of natural gas model mixtures (methane + n-heptane) and (propane + n-heptane) by differential scanning calorimetry at temperatures from 313 K to 422 K and pressures up to 31 MPa

Xiong Xiao, Saif Z.S. Al Ghafri, Darren Rowland, Thomas J. Hughes, Lubomir Hnedkovsky, Glenn Hefter, Eric F. May

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Heat capacities of pure methane (1), propane (2) and n-heptane (3), and binary mixtures of (methane or propane + n-heptane) at n-heptane mole fractions of (0.070 to 0.750), were measured at temperatures (313 to 42) K and pressures (6.00 to 31.10) MPa using a Tian-Calvet-type differential scanning calorimeter with a combined standard uncertainty of (2.20 to 2.68) % (k = 1). The results for pure methane, propane and n-heptane agreed within 2% of the values calculated from reference equations of state (EOS). In contrast, for the two sets of mixtures measured above their cricondenbars, averaged absolute deviations of 4.6%, 3.7% and 1.2% were observed between the measured cp values and those predicted by the GERG-2008, Peng-Robinson (PR) and SAFT-γ Mie EOS, respectively. The divergences of cp from model calculations for the binary mixtures near the critical region were also investigated. The root mean square (r.m.s.) deviations of the measured heat capacities from those calculated using the GERG-2008, PR, and SAFT-γ Mie exhibited relatively large but similar values of 7.1%, 7.4% and 7.2% for [0.850 CH4 + 0.150 n-C7H16] and 9.1%, 6.9% and 8.0% for [0.930 C3H8 + 0.070 n-C7H16]. This work reveals that the SAFT-γ Mie EOS can adequately describe most heat capacity data above the cricondenbar, while none of the models provide reliable predictions near the critical region.

Original languageEnglish
Article number120668
Number of pages14
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jul 2021


  • Differential scanning calorimeter
  • Heat capacity
  • Methane
  • N-Heptane
  • Natural gas
  • Propane

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