Is the sense of bodily ownership related to pre-reflective bodily awareness? A reply to Kuhle

Steve Gadsby

    Research output: Contribution to journalComment / DebateOtherpeer-review


    There are two ways in which we are aware of our bodies: reflectively, when we attend to them, and pre-reflectively, a kind of marginal awareness that pervades regular experience. However, there is an inherent issue with studying bodily awareness of the pre-reflective kind: given that it is, by definition, non-observational, how can we observe it? Kuhle claims to have found a way around this problem—we can study it indirectly by investigating an aspect of reflective bodily awareness: the sense of bodily ownership. Unfortunately, I argue, there is little reason to believe a relationship between pre-reflective bodily awareness and the sense of bodily ownership exists. Until more work is done, pre-reflective bodily awareness remains beyond our empirical grasp.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)629-637
    Number of pages9
    JournalPhilosophical Psychology
    Issue number4
    Publication statusPublished - 19 May 2018


    • Bodily ownership
    • phenomenology
    • pre-reflective bodily awareness
    • rubber hand illusion

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