Is parity a risk factor for excessive weight gain during pregnancy and postpartum weight retention? A systematic review and meta-analysis

B. Hill, H. Bergmeier, Skye McPhie, Matthew Fuller-Tyszkiewicz, H. Teede, D. Forster, B. E. Spiliotis, Andrew P Hills, Helen Skouteris

Research output: Contribution to journalReview ArticleResearchpeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The aim of this study was to systematically review and meta-analyse the associations between parity, pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI), gestational weight gain (GWG) and, when included, postpartum weight retention (PPWR). Papers reporting associations between parity and BMI and/or GWG in adult women were eligible: 2,195 papers were identified, and 41 longitudinal studies were included in the narrative synthesis; 17 studies were included in a meta-analysis. Findings indicated that parity was associated positively with pre-pregnancy BMI. In contrast, the role of parity in GWG was less clear; both positive and negative relationships were reported across studies. Parity was not associated directly with PPWR. This pattern of results was supported by our meta-analysis with the only significant association between parity and pre-pregnancy BMI. Overall, parity was associated with higher pre-pregnancy BMI; however, the role of parity in GWG and PPWR remains unclear, and it is likely that its influence is indirect and complex. Further research to better understand the contribution of parity to maternal obesity is warranted.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)755-764
Number of pages10
JournalObesity Reviews
Volume18
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2017

Keywords

  • Obesity
  • parity
  • pregnancy
  • weight gain

Cite this

Hill, B. ; Bergmeier, H. ; McPhie, Skye ; Fuller-Tyszkiewicz, Matthew ; Teede, H. ; Forster, D. ; Spiliotis, B. E. ; Hills, Andrew P ; Skouteris, Helen. / Is parity a risk factor for excessive weight gain during pregnancy and postpartum weight retention? A systematic review and meta-analysis. In: Obesity Reviews. 2017 ; Vol. 18, No. 7. pp. 755-764.
@article{8470908f7e1a4b10b9bfb8b8e901ae10,
title = "Is parity a risk factor for excessive weight gain during pregnancy and postpartum weight retention? A systematic review and meta-analysis",
abstract = "The aim of this study was to systematically review and meta-analyse the associations between parity, pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI), gestational weight gain (GWG) and, when included, postpartum weight retention (PPWR). Papers reporting associations between parity and BMI and/or GWG in adult women were eligible: 2,195 papers were identified, and 41 longitudinal studies were included in the narrative synthesis; 17 studies were included in a meta-analysis. Findings indicated that parity was associated positively with pre-pregnancy BMI. In contrast, the role of parity in GWG was less clear; both positive and negative relationships were reported across studies. Parity was not associated directly with PPWR. This pattern of results was supported by our meta-analysis with the only significant association between parity and pre-pregnancy BMI. Overall, parity was associated with higher pre-pregnancy BMI; however, the role of parity in GWG and PPWR remains unclear, and it is likely that its influence is indirect and complex. Further research to better understand the contribution of parity to maternal obesity is warranted.",
keywords = "Obesity, parity, pregnancy, weight gain",
author = "B. Hill and H. Bergmeier and Skye McPhie and Matthew Fuller-Tyszkiewicz and H. Teede and D. Forster and Spiliotis, {B. E.} and Hills, {Andrew P} and Helen Skouteris",
year = "2017",
month = "7",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1111/obr.12538",
language = "English",
volume = "18",
pages = "755--764",
journal = "Obesity Reviews",
issn = "1467-7881",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "7",

}

Is parity a risk factor for excessive weight gain during pregnancy and postpartum weight retention? A systematic review and meta-analysis. / Hill, B.; Bergmeier, H.; McPhie, Skye; Fuller-Tyszkiewicz, Matthew; Teede, H.; Forster, D.; Spiliotis, B. E.; Hills, Andrew P; Skouteris, Helen.

In: Obesity Reviews, Vol. 18, No. 7, 01.07.2017, p. 755-764.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview ArticleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Is parity a risk factor for excessive weight gain during pregnancy and postpartum weight retention? A systematic review and meta-analysis

AU - Hill, B.

AU - Bergmeier, H.

AU - McPhie, Skye

AU - Fuller-Tyszkiewicz, Matthew

AU - Teede, H.

AU - Forster, D.

AU - Spiliotis, B. E.

AU - Hills, Andrew P

AU - Skouteris, Helen

PY - 2017/7/1

Y1 - 2017/7/1

N2 - The aim of this study was to systematically review and meta-analyse the associations between parity, pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI), gestational weight gain (GWG) and, when included, postpartum weight retention (PPWR). Papers reporting associations between parity and BMI and/or GWG in adult women were eligible: 2,195 papers were identified, and 41 longitudinal studies were included in the narrative synthesis; 17 studies were included in a meta-analysis. Findings indicated that parity was associated positively with pre-pregnancy BMI. In contrast, the role of parity in GWG was less clear; both positive and negative relationships were reported across studies. Parity was not associated directly with PPWR. This pattern of results was supported by our meta-analysis with the only significant association between parity and pre-pregnancy BMI. Overall, parity was associated with higher pre-pregnancy BMI; however, the role of parity in GWG and PPWR remains unclear, and it is likely that its influence is indirect and complex. Further research to better understand the contribution of parity to maternal obesity is warranted.

AB - The aim of this study was to systematically review and meta-analyse the associations between parity, pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI), gestational weight gain (GWG) and, when included, postpartum weight retention (PPWR). Papers reporting associations between parity and BMI and/or GWG in adult women were eligible: 2,195 papers were identified, and 41 longitudinal studies were included in the narrative synthesis; 17 studies were included in a meta-analysis. Findings indicated that parity was associated positively with pre-pregnancy BMI. In contrast, the role of parity in GWG was less clear; both positive and negative relationships were reported across studies. Parity was not associated directly with PPWR. This pattern of results was supported by our meta-analysis with the only significant association between parity and pre-pregnancy BMI. Overall, parity was associated with higher pre-pregnancy BMI; however, the role of parity in GWG and PPWR remains unclear, and it is likely that its influence is indirect and complex. Further research to better understand the contribution of parity to maternal obesity is warranted.

KW - Obesity

KW - parity

KW - pregnancy

KW - weight gain

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85019267141&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1111/obr.12538

DO - 10.1111/obr.12538

M3 - Review Article

VL - 18

SP - 755

EP - 764

JO - Obesity Reviews

JF - Obesity Reviews

SN - 1467-7881

IS - 7

ER -