Is Makassar a 'sanctuary city'? Migration governance in Indonesia after the 'local turn'

Antje Missbach, Yunizar Adiputera, Atin Prabandari

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Taking into consideration three levels of government (regional, national, and sub-national) that potentially offer protection to refugees, this paper is concerned with changes initiated by the 2016 Presidential Regulation on Handling Foreign Refugees. This regulation has delegated more responsibility for managing refugees to the sub-national levels of administration in Indonesia, which, like other nations in the Southeast Asia, has been reluctant to provide protection for refugees or any options for their integration into society. The reason for this is that, despite many vociferous demands in favor of a 'regional solution' in the aftermath of the 2015 Andaman Sea Crisis, most attempts ended up in abeyance. Following suit with the so-called 'local turn' in migration studies, which increased attention to the local dimensions of refugee protection due to the receding capacities in the major actors involved both in global refugee protection and international migration management, we direct attention to the sub-national level of refugee management in Indonesia using as a case study the city of Makassar, which has hitherto enjoyed a fairly positive reputation for welcoming refugees. By examining the current living conditions of asylum seekers and refugees in Makassar and comparing them to other places in Indonesia, we ask whether the concept of 'sanctuary city' is applicable to a non-Western context and, in doing so, hope to enhance current discussions of creating alternative models for refugee protection beyond the national and regional level.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)199-216
Number of pages18
JournalAustrian Journal of South-East Asian Studies
Volume11
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2018

Keywords

  • Indonesia
  • Migration governance
  • Presidential regulations
  • Refugees and asylum seekers
  • Sanctuary Cities

Cite this

@article{58beab269c994f99a8f3bae33f6eb957,
title = "Is Makassar a 'sanctuary city'? Migration governance in Indonesia after the 'local turn'",
abstract = "Taking into consideration three levels of government (regional, national, and sub-national) that potentially offer protection to refugees, this paper is concerned with changes initiated by the 2016 Presidential Regulation on Handling Foreign Refugees. This regulation has delegated more responsibility for managing refugees to the sub-national levels of administration in Indonesia, which, like other nations in the Southeast Asia, has been reluctant to provide protection for refugees or any options for their integration into society. The reason for this is that, despite many vociferous demands in favor of a 'regional solution' in the aftermath of the 2015 Andaman Sea Crisis, most attempts ended up in abeyance. Following suit with the so-called 'local turn' in migration studies, which increased attention to the local dimensions of refugee protection due to the receding capacities in the major actors involved both in global refugee protection and international migration management, we direct attention to the sub-national level of refugee management in Indonesia using as a case study the city of Makassar, which has hitherto enjoyed a fairly positive reputation for welcoming refugees. By examining the current living conditions of asylum seekers and refugees in Makassar and comparing them to other places in Indonesia, we ask whether the concept of 'sanctuary city' is applicable to a non-Western context and, in doing so, hope to enhance current discussions of creating alternative models for refugee protection beyond the national and regional level.",
keywords = "Indonesia, Migration governance, Presidential regulations, Refugees and asylum seekers, Sanctuary Cities",
author = "Antje Missbach and Yunizar Adiputera and Atin Prabandari",
year = "2018",
language = "English",
volume = "11",
pages = "199--216",
journal = "ASEAS: Austrian Journal of South-East Asian Studies",
issn = "1999-2521",
number = "2",

}

Is Makassar a 'sanctuary city'? Migration governance in Indonesia after the 'local turn'. / Missbach, Antje; Adiputera, Yunizar; Prabandari, Atin.

In: Austrian Journal of South-East Asian Studies, Vol. 11, No. 2, 2018, p. 199-216.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Is Makassar a 'sanctuary city'? Migration governance in Indonesia after the 'local turn'

AU - Missbach, Antje

AU - Adiputera, Yunizar

AU - Prabandari, Atin

PY - 2018

Y1 - 2018

N2 - Taking into consideration three levels of government (regional, national, and sub-national) that potentially offer protection to refugees, this paper is concerned with changes initiated by the 2016 Presidential Regulation on Handling Foreign Refugees. This regulation has delegated more responsibility for managing refugees to the sub-national levels of administration in Indonesia, which, like other nations in the Southeast Asia, has been reluctant to provide protection for refugees or any options for their integration into society. The reason for this is that, despite many vociferous demands in favor of a 'regional solution' in the aftermath of the 2015 Andaman Sea Crisis, most attempts ended up in abeyance. Following suit with the so-called 'local turn' in migration studies, which increased attention to the local dimensions of refugee protection due to the receding capacities in the major actors involved both in global refugee protection and international migration management, we direct attention to the sub-national level of refugee management in Indonesia using as a case study the city of Makassar, which has hitherto enjoyed a fairly positive reputation for welcoming refugees. By examining the current living conditions of asylum seekers and refugees in Makassar and comparing them to other places in Indonesia, we ask whether the concept of 'sanctuary city' is applicable to a non-Western context and, in doing so, hope to enhance current discussions of creating alternative models for refugee protection beyond the national and regional level.

AB - Taking into consideration three levels of government (regional, national, and sub-national) that potentially offer protection to refugees, this paper is concerned with changes initiated by the 2016 Presidential Regulation on Handling Foreign Refugees. This regulation has delegated more responsibility for managing refugees to the sub-national levels of administration in Indonesia, which, like other nations in the Southeast Asia, has been reluctant to provide protection for refugees or any options for their integration into society. The reason for this is that, despite many vociferous demands in favor of a 'regional solution' in the aftermath of the 2015 Andaman Sea Crisis, most attempts ended up in abeyance. Following suit with the so-called 'local turn' in migration studies, which increased attention to the local dimensions of refugee protection due to the receding capacities in the major actors involved both in global refugee protection and international migration management, we direct attention to the sub-national level of refugee management in Indonesia using as a case study the city of Makassar, which has hitherto enjoyed a fairly positive reputation for welcoming refugees. By examining the current living conditions of asylum seekers and refugees in Makassar and comparing them to other places in Indonesia, we ask whether the concept of 'sanctuary city' is applicable to a non-Western context and, in doing so, hope to enhance current discussions of creating alternative models for refugee protection beyond the national and regional level.

KW - Indonesia

KW - Migration governance

KW - Presidential regulations

KW - Refugees and asylum seekers

KW - Sanctuary Cities

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85059348643&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

VL - 11

SP - 199

EP - 216

JO - ASEAS: Austrian Journal of South-East Asian Studies

JF - ASEAS: Austrian Journal of South-East Asian Studies

SN - 1999-2521

IS - 2

ER -