Is health related quality of life between 90 and 180 days following stroke associated with long-term unmet needs?

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Abstract

PURPOSE:Understanding the relationship between health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and long-term unmet needs is important for guiding services to optimise life following stroke. We investigated whether HRQoL between 90 and 180 days following stroke was associated with long-term unmet needs.METHODS:Data from Australian Stroke Clinical Registry (AuSCR) registrants who participated in the Australian Stroke Survivor Needs Survey were used. Outcome data, including the EQ-5D, are routinely collected in AuSCR between 90 and 180 days post-stroke. Unmet needs were assessed at a median of 2 years and categorised into: health; everyday living; work/leisure; and support domains. Multivariable regression was used to determine associations between the EQ-5D dimensions and the likelihood of experiencing unmet needs and the visual analogue scale (VAS) (rating 0-100) and number of reported unmet needs.RESULTS:In total, 173 AuSCR registrants completed the Needs Survey (median age 69 years, 67 male; 77 ischaemic stroke). VAS scores were negatively associated with the number of reported long-term unmet needs [irr 0.98, (95 CI 0.97, 0 99) p <0.001]. Having EQ-5D activity limitations was associated with unmet living needs (aOR 4.5, 95 CI 1.1, 18.8). Requiring living supports at 90-180 days was associated with unmet health needs (aOR 4.9, 95 CI 1.5, 16.1). Those with pain at 90-180 days were less likely to report unmet health (aOR 0.09, 95 CI 0.02, 0.4) and support needs (aOR 0.2, 95 CI 0.06, 0.6).CONCLUSION:Routinely collected HRQoL data can identify survivors at risk of experiencing long-term unmet needs. This information is important for targeting service delivery to optimise outcomes following stroke.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2053-2062
Number of pages10
JournalQuality of Life Research
Volume25
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

Keywords

  • Health-related quality of life
  • Stroke
  • Unmet needs
  • EQ-5D
  • Long-term outcomes
  • International Classification of Function

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