Ionic-liquid materials for the electrochemical challenges of the future

Michel Armand, Frank Endres, Douglas R. Mac Farlane, Hiroyuki Ohno, Bruno Scrosati

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter (Book)Researchpeer-review

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Ionic liquids are room-temperature molten salts, composed mostly of organic ions that may undergo almost unlimited structural variations. This review covers the newest aspects of ionic liquids in applications where their ion conductivity is exploited; as electrochemical solvents for metal/semiconductor electrodeposition, and as batteries and fuel cells where conventional media, organic solvents (in batteries) or water (in polymer-electrolyte-membrane fuel cells), fail. Biology and biomimetic processes in ionic liquids are also discussed. In these decidedly different materials, some enzymes show activity that is not exhibited in more traditional systems, creating huge potential for bioinspired catalysis and biofuel cells. Our goal in this review is to survey the recent key developments and issues within ionic-liquid research in these areas. As well as informing materials scientists, we hope to generate interest in the wider community and encourage others to make use of ionic liquids in tackling scientific challenges.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationMaterials for Sustainable Energy
Subtitle of host publicationA Collection of Peer-Reviewed Research and Review Articles from Nature Publishing Group
PublisherWorld Scientific Publishing
Pages129-137
Number of pages9
ISBN (Electronic)9789814317665
ISBN (Print)9814317640, 9789814317641
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2010

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