Ionic conductivity studies of gel polyelectrolyte based on ionic liquid

E. H. Cha, S. A. Lim, J. H. Park, D. W. Kim, D. R. Macfarlane

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27 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Novel lithium polyelectrolyte-ionic liquids have been prepared and characterized of their properties. Poly(lithium 2-acrylamido-2-methyl propanesulfonate) (PAMPSLi) and its copolymer with N-vinyl formamide (VF) also has been prepared as a copolymer. 1-Ethyl-3-methylimidazolium tricyanomethanide (emImTCM) and N,N-dimethyl-N-propyl-N-butyl ammonium tricyanomethanide (N1134TCM) which are chosen because of the same with the anion of ionic liquid were prepared. The ionic conductivity of copolymer system (PAMPSLi/PVF/emImTCM: 5.43 × 10-3 S cm-1 at 25 °C) exhibits about over four times higher than that of homopolymer system (PAMPSLi/emImTCM: 1.28 × 10-3 S cm-1 at 25 °C). Introduction of vinyl formamide into the copolymer type can increase the dissociation of the lithium cations from the polymer backbone. The ionic conductivity of copolymer with emImTCM (PAMPSLi/PVF/emImTCM) exhibits the higher conductivity than that of PAMPSLi/PVF/N1134TCM (2.48 × 10-3 S cm-1). Because of using the polymerizable anion it is seen to maintain high flexibility of imidazolium cation effectively to exhibit the higher conductivity. And also the viscosity of emImTCM (19.56 cP) is lower than that of N1134TCM (28.61 cP). Low viscosity leads to a fast rate of diffusion of redox species.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)779-782
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Power Sources
Volume178
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2008

Keywords

  • Copolymer
  • Imidazolium cation
  • Ionic conductivity
  • Ionic liquid
  • Quaternary ammonium cation
  • Tricyanomethanide

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