In Vivo Imaging of Inflamed Glomeruli Reveals Dynamics of Neutrophil Extracellular Trap Formation in Glomerular Capillaries

Clare L V Westhorpe, James E. Bayard, Kim M. O'Sullivan, Pam Hall, Qiang Cheng, A. Richard Kitching, Michael J. Hickey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs) have been documented in glomeruli of patients with glomerulonephritis. However, the dynamics of NET formation in the glomerulus and their functional contribution to acute glomerular injury are poorly understood. Herein, we used in vivo multiphoton microscopy to investigate NET formation in the acutely inflamed glomerulus. Glomerular inflammation was induced using an antibody against the glomerular basement membrane. After induction of inflammation, multiphoton microscopy revealed that approximately 20% of glomeruli contained structures composed of extracellular DNA within the capillaries. These structures were not seen in mice depleted of neutrophils, consistent with them being NETs. Most contained myeloperoxidase, as seen in NETs in other tissues, whereas intraglomerular NETs did not contain significant levels of the histone H2Ax or neutrophil elastase. In vivo imaging revealed that intraglomerular NETs were present only transiently, suggesting that NETs were susceptible to disruption under the high shear conditions in glomerular capillaries. Investigation of NETs under flow conditions in vitro supported this concept. Dissolution of NETs via DNase I did not alter anti–glomerular basement membrane antibody-induced glomerular injury, as assessed via albuminuria, although the degree of microscopic hematuria was reduced by this intervention. These data indicate that in this model of acute, neutrophil-dependent glomerulonephritis, NETs are generated in the glomerular capillaries, where they are short lived and make a modest contribution to glomerular injury.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)318-331
Number of pages14
JournalAmerican Journal of Pathology
Volume187
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2017

Cite this

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title = "In Vivo Imaging of Inflamed Glomeruli Reveals Dynamics of Neutrophil Extracellular Trap Formation in Glomerular Capillaries",
abstract = "Neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs) have been documented in glomeruli of patients with glomerulonephritis. However, the dynamics of NET formation in the glomerulus and their functional contribution to acute glomerular injury are poorly understood. Herein, we used in vivo multiphoton microscopy to investigate NET formation in the acutely inflamed glomerulus. Glomerular inflammation was induced using an antibody against the glomerular basement membrane. After induction of inflammation, multiphoton microscopy revealed that approximately 20{\%} of glomeruli contained structures composed of extracellular DNA within the capillaries. These structures were not seen in mice depleted of neutrophils, consistent with them being NETs. Most contained myeloperoxidase, as seen in NETs in other tissues, whereas intraglomerular NETs did not contain significant levels of the histone H2Ax or neutrophil elastase. In vivo imaging revealed that intraglomerular NETs were present only transiently, suggesting that NETs were susceptible to disruption under the high shear conditions in glomerular capillaries. Investigation of NETs under flow conditions in vitro supported this concept. Dissolution of NETs via DNase I did not alter anti–glomerular basement membrane antibody-induced glomerular injury, as assessed via albuminuria, although the degree of microscopic hematuria was reduced by this intervention. These data indicate that in this model of acute, neutrophil-dependent glomerulonephritis, NETs are generated in the glomerular capillaries, where they are short lived and make a modest contribution to glomerular injury.",
author = "Westhorpe, {Clare L V} and Bayard, {James E.} and O'Sullivan, {Kim M.} and Pam Hall and Qiang Cheng and Kitching, {A. Richard} and Hickey, {Michael J.}",
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In Vivo Imaging of Inflamed Glomeruli Reveals Dynamics of Neutrophil Extracellular Trap Formation in Glomerular Capillaries. / Westhorpe, Clare L V; Bayard, James E.; O'Sullivan, Kim M.; Hall, Pam; Cheng, Qiang; Kitching, A. Richard; Hickey, Michael J.

In: American Journal of Pathology, Vol. 187, No. 2, 01.02.2017, p. 318-331.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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T1 - In Vivo Imaging of Inflamed Glomeruli Reveals Dynamics of Neutrophil Extracellular Trap Formation in Glomerular Capillaries

AU - Westhorpe, Clare L V

AU - Bayard, James E.

AU - O'Sullivan, Kim M.

AU - Hall, Pam

AU - Cheng, Qiang

AU - Kitching, A. Richard

AU - Hickey, Michael J.

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N2 - Neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs) have been documented in glomeruli of patients with glomerulonephritis. However, the dynamics of NET formation in the glomerulus and their functional contribution to acute glomerular injury are poorly understood. Herein, we used in vivo multiphoton microscopy to investigate NET formation in the acutely inflamed glomerulus. Glomerular inflammation was induced using an antibody against the glomerular basement membrane. After induction of inflammation, multiphoton microscopy revealed that approximately 20% of glomeruli contained structures composed of extracellular DNA within the capillaries. These structures were not seen in mice depleted of neutrophils, consistent with them being NETs. Most contained myeloperoxidase, as seen in NETs in other tissues, whereas intraglomerular NETs did not contain significant levels of the histone H2Ax or neutrophil elastase. In vivo imaging revealed that intraglomerular NETs were present only transiently, suggesting that NETs were susceptible to disruption under the high shear conditions in glomerular capillaries. Investigation of NETs under flow conditions in vitro supported this concept. Dissolution of NETs via DNase I did not alter anti–glomerular basement membrane antibody-induced glomerular injury, as assessed via albuminuria, although the degree of microscopic hematuria was reduced by this intervention. These data indicate that in this model of acute, neutrophil-dependent glomerulonephritis, NETs are generated in the glomerular capillaries, where they are short lived and make a modest contribution to glomerular injury.

AB - Neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs) have been documented in glomeruli of patients with glomerulonephritis. However, the dynamics of NET formation in the glomerulus and their functional contribution to acute glomerular injury are poorly understood. Herein, we used in vivo multiphoton microscopy to investigate NET formation in the acutely inflamed glomerulus. Glomerular inflammation was induced using an antibody against the glomerular basement membrane. After induction of inflammation, multiphoton microscopy revealed that approximately 20% of glomeruli contained structures composed of extracellular DNA within the capillaries. These structures were not seen in mice depleted of neutrophils, consistent with them being NETs. Most contained myeloperoxidase, as seen in NETs in other tissues, whereas intraglomerular NETs did not contain significant levels of the histone H2Ax or neutrophil elastase. In vivo imaging revealed that intraglomerular NETs were present only transiently, suggesting that NETs were susceptible to disruption under the high shear conditions in glomerular capillaries. Investigation of NETs under flow conditions in vitro supported this concept. Dissolution of NETs via DNase I did not alter anti–glomerular basement membrane antibody-induced glomerular injury, as assessed via albuminuria, although the degree of microscopic hematuria was reduced by this intervention. These data indicate that in this model of acute, neutrophil-dependent glomerulonephritis, NETs are generated in the glomerular capillaries, where they are short lived and make a modest contribution to glomerular injury.

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JF - American Journal of Pathology

SN - 0002-9440

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