Investigation of microstructure and hardness in microfoming of pure copper pins

Ehsan Ghassemali, Anders E.W. Jarfors, Ming Jen Tan, S. C.V. Lim, Mei Qian Chew

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference PaperResearchpeer-review


Microforming is defined as the process of production of metallic micro-parts with sub-millimeter dimension. There is as strong interaction between the scale of the microstructure and the size of the part affecting material flow, the so-called "size effect" in microforming processes. Conventional forming rules cannot be directly applied to the micro-scale forming. To better understand the implications for part geometry and properties, further investigation of the material flow related events is necessary. The aim of this work is to investigate microstructural evolution of pure copper during a micro-extrusion process - for production of micro-pins with diameters varying from 300 to 800μm - by means of optical microscope (OM). Qualitative strain gradient distribution could be observed by those pictures. The results showed that change of micro-pins diameter and die angle affect the microstructure and strain distribution of the final product remarkably, that affect the mechanical properties of the pin formed. Furthermore, microhardness results were consistent with the microstructural observations.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAdvances in Precision Engineering
Number of pages5
Volume447 448
Publication statusPublished - 2010
Externally publishedYes
EventICoPE2010 and 13th ICPE International Conference on Precision Engineering - , Singapore
Duration: 28 Jul 201030 Jul 2010

Publication series

NameKey Engineering Materials
Volume447 448
ISSN (Print)10139826


ConferenceICoPE2010 and 13th ICPE International Conference on Precision Engineering


  • Microforming
  • Microstructure
  • Pure copper
  • Strain distribution

Cite this