Investigation of heat transfer performance within annular geometries with swirl-inducing fins using clove-treated graphene nanoplatelet colloidal suspension

S. R. Nair, C. S. Oon, M. K. Tan, Savisha Mahalingam, Abreeza Manap, S. N. Kazi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


The paper investigated the benefits of having fins that induce swirling flow within an annular passage. The importance of the vortical structures produced using different fin angles and flow velocities in heat transfer was studied. The combination of swirling fluid with recirculation on heat transfer within an annular domain was not fully understood, and this paper aims to address that gap. The 10°, 20°, 30° and 40° angled fins were investigated to understand the changes in heat transfer performance as fluid recirculation becomes more dominant as angles become steeper. The usage of CGNP colloidal suspension was investigated for its potential benefits in heat transfer in a domain with angled fins. The CGNP concentrations of 0.025, 0.075 and 0.1 mass % were used as part of this investigation. Higher concentrations of CGNP increased the overall heat transfer coefficient. A more compact fin spacing improved heat transfer performance at the expense of increased pressure drop. Fin angles of 20° and 30° yielded poor heat transfer performance in the transitional flow regime (2000 < Re < 3000) due to the smaller swirling longitudinal vortices being insufficient in promoting fluid mixing from the thermal boundary layer into the freestream.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)14873-14890
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Issue number24
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2022


  • Annular flow
  • CFD
  • CGNP
  • Colloidal suspension
  • Heat transfer
  • Swirl-inducing fins

Cite this