Investigating the economic and demographic determinants of sporting participation in England

Lisa Farrell, Michael A. Shields

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

129 Citations (Scopus)


We provide a detailed statistical investigation into the economic and demographic factors that determine sporting participation in England. Using data from the 1997 health survey of England we fit random-effects probit models that take into account unobservable household preferences for sporting activities, as well as the economic and demographic characteristics of respondents. Our main results from the multivariate analysis are that sporting participation is positively related to household income, the educated participate in sports to a greater extent than the uneducated, there is no evidence of regional differentials in sporting participation and household preferences play an important role in the decision to participate in sports.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)335-348
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of the Royal Statistical Society Series A-Statistics in Society
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2002
Externally publishedYes


  • Health
  • Household preferences
  • Random effects
  • Social inclusion
  • Sporting participation

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