Investigating business outcomes of healthy food retail strategies: A systematic scoping review

Miranda R. Blake, Kathryn Backholer, Emily Lancsar, Tara Boelsen-Robinson, Catherine Mah, Julie Brimblecombe, Christina Zorbas, Natassja Billich, Anna Peeters

Research output: Contribution to journalReview ArticleResearchpeer-review

25 Citations (Scopus)


Large changes to food retail settings are required to improve population diet. However, limited research has comprehensively considered the business implications of healthy food retail strategies for food retailers. We performed a systematic scoping review to identify types of business outcomes that have been reported in healthy food retail strategy evaluations. Peer-reviewed and grey literature were searched. We identified qualitative or quantitative real-world food or beverage retail strategies designed to improve the healthiness of the consumer nutrition environment (eg, changes to the “marketing mix” of product, price, promotion, and/or placement). Eligible studies reported store- or chain-level outcomes for measures of commercial viability, retailer perspectives, customer perspectives, and/or community outcomes. 11 682 titles and abstracts were screened with 107 studies included for review from 15 countries. Overall item sales, revenue, store patronage, and customer level of satisfaction with strategy were the most frequently examined outcomes. There was a large heterogeneity in outcome measures reported and in favourability for retailers of outcomes across studies. We recommend more consistent reporting of business outcomes and increased development and use of validated and reliable measurement tools. This may help generate more robust research evidence to aid retailers and policymakers to select feasible and sustainable healthy food retail strategies to benefit population health within and across countries.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1384-1399
Number of pages16
JournalObesity Reviews
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2019


  • consumer
  • economic analysis
  • food environment
  • process

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