Invariance of accumulation time factor of Ku-band signals in the tropics

Vickal Kumar, Visagaperuman Ramachandran

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Simultaneous measurements of Ku-band attenuation and rain-rate give A 0.01 and R0.01 as 9.7 dB and 54mm/hr respectively, Unlike the monotonous variation predicted by the ITU-R model, breakpoints were observed in both the rain-rate and Ku-band attenuation exceedances. Similar observations were reported from other stations in the tropics. The accumulation time factor measured at the breakpoints remained almost a constant in these stations. Using this it is predicted that for stations with high elevation angle receivers, at breakpoint rain-rates, one rain-cell intercepts the propagation path of the signal. It is estimated that, in the tropics, the diameter of a rain-cell is a??1.5km when the rain-rate begin to saturate.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1501 - 1509
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Electromagnetic Waves and Applications
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 2005
Externally publishedYes

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