Cities are sites of contention, in which competing rights, politics, cultures, and identities are constantly negotiated. Inclusive, participatory, safe, and accessible cities are recognised as a cornerstone of sustainable urban development. However, freedom to move in and around cities with equity in order to access opportunities for employment, education, political mobilisation, and social and cultural services is curtailed for many people due to multiple forms of discrimination and violence (United Nations Development Program 2015). The ability to access the city freely, to act with agency, and feel a sense of belonging are human rights often denied for women, girls, and people identifying across the diverse spectrum of gender and sexuality in countries across the globe (Campkin 2019; Shaw et al. 2019). Issues of gendered inequality in urban space stem from persistent power differentials that permeate economic, political, cultural, and legal urban structures, with effects that range from the subtly symbolically violent (Bourdieu 2001) to the openly physically violent.
|Title of host publication||Contentious Cities|
|Subtitle of host publication||Design and the Gendered Production of Space|
|Place of Publication||Oxon, UK|
|Number of pages||9|
|Publication status||Published - 2021|