Chronically ovariectomized ewes were pretreated with progesterone and oestradiol to induce oestrus and randomly allocated into four treatment groups. Progesterone injections were given to Groups 1 and 2 on Days 1-12 and Groups 3 and 4 on Days 1-15. Ewes in Groups 2 and 4 were infused with conceptus secretory proteins (oCSP), via an intrauterine catheter, twice daily on Days 13-15. Ewes in Groups 1 and 3 were similarly infused, but with serum proteins (oSP). Endometrial oxytocin receptor (OTr) concentrations and oxytocin-induced 13,14-dihydro-15-keto-prostaglandin F2α (PGFM) release were measured on Day 16. Progesterone concentrations in ewes receiving 12 days of progesterone treatment declined after Day 12, reaching a nadir on Day 14. In contrast, plasma progesterone concentrations remained elevated until Day 16 in ewes receiving the extended progesterone treatment. On Day 16, endometrial OTr concentrations were significantly higher in ewes given 12 days of progesterone treatment than in ewes given 15 days of progesterone irrespective of the presence of oCSP or oSP. Treatment with oCSP significantly decreased oxytocin-induced PGFM release in ewes given 12 days of progesterone treatment compared with those ewes receiving oSP infusions. The extended 15 day progesterone treatment resulted in a further decrease in oxytocin-induced PGFM release in both oCSP and oSP infused ewes. These data indicate that, in steroid treated ovariectomized ewes, intrauterine infusion of oCSP will reduce oxytocin-induced PGFM response but not OTr concentrations. Progesterone appears to play a dominant role in the regulation of OTr as well as oxytocin-induced PGFM release.
- OT-induced PGFM release