Intrauterine inflammation alters cardiopulmonary and cerebral haemodynamics at birth in preterm lambs

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Intrauterine inflammation is associated with preterm birth and poor long-term cardiopulmonary outcomes. We aimed to determine the effect of intrauterine inflammation on the cardiopulmonary and cerebral haemodynamic transition at birth, and the response to subsequent haemodynamic challenge. Fetal instrumentation was performed at approximately 112 days gestation (term is 147 days) for measurement of cardiopulmonary and cerebral haemodynamics. At 118 days, inflammation was induced by intra-amniotic administration of lipopolysaccharide (LPS; n = 7); controls (n = 5) received intra-amniotic saline. At 125 days lambs were delivered and mechanically ventilated. Arterial blood gases, pulmonary and systemic arterial blood pressures and flows were measured during the perinatal period. At 10 min a haemodynamic challenge was administered by increasing positive end-expiratory pressure. During the first 10 min after birth, LPS-exposed lambs had higher pulmonary vascular resistance and lower pulmonary blood flow and left ventricular output than controls. Carotid arterial blood flow was higher in LPS-exposed lambs than controls between 3 and 7 min after delivery, and cerebral oxygen delivery was higher at 5 min. During the haemodynamic challenge, pulmonary blood flow and left ventricular output were reduced in controls but not in LPS-exposed lambs; a transient reduction in brachiocephalic arterial pressure occurred in LPS-exposed lambs but not in controls. Intrauterine inflammation altered the cardiopulmonary and cerebral haemodynamic transition at birth and reduced the cardiopulmonary response to a haemodynamic challenge after birth. The transient reduction in brachiocephalic arterial pressure suggests intrauterine inflammation may alter cerebrovascular control following an increase in positive end-expiratory pressure.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2127 - 2137
Number of pages11
JournalThe Journal of Physiology
Volume591
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Cite this

@article{45c7bbbccf47454e9e2da203414e079b,
title = "Intrauterine inflammation alters cardiopulmonary and cerebral haemodynamics at birth in preterm lambs",
abstract = "Intrauterine inflammation is associated with preterm birth and poor long-term cardiopulmonary outcomes. We aimed to determine the effect of intrauterine inflammation on the cardiopulmonary and cerebral haemodynamic transition at birth, and the response to subsequent haemodynamic challenge. Fetal instrumentation was performed at approximately 112 days gestation (term is 147 days) for measurement of cardiopulmonary and cerebral haemodynamics. At 118 days, inflammation was induced by intra-amniotic administration of lipopolysaccharide (LPS; n = 7); controls (n = 5) received intra-amniotic saline. At 125 days lambs were delivered and mechanically ventilated. Arterial blood gases, pulmonary and systemic arterial blood pressures and flows were measured during the perinatal period. At 10 min a haemodynamic challenge was administered by increasing positive end-expiratory pressure. During the first 10 min after birth, LPS-exposed lambs had higher pulmonary vascular resistance and lower pulmonary blood flow and left ventricular output than controls. Carotid arterial blood flow was higher in LPS-exposed lambs than controls between 3 and 7 min after delivery, and cerebral oxygen delivery was higher at 5 min. During the haemodynamic challenge, pulmonary blood flow and left ventricular output were reduced in controls but not in LPS-exposed lambs; a transient reduction in brachiocephalic arterial pressure occurred in LPS-exposed lambs but not in controls. Intrauterine inflammation altered the cardiopulmonary and cerebral haemodynamic transition at birth and reduced the cardiopulmonary response to a haemodynamic challenge after birth. The transient reduction in brachiocephalic arterial pressure suggests intrauterine inflammation may alter cerebrovascular control following an increase in positive end-expiratory pressure.",
author = "Robert Galinsky and Hooper, {Stuart Brian} and Wallace, {Megan Jane} and Westover, {Alana Jasmine} and Black, {Mary Jane} and Moss, {Timothy James Murugesan} and Graeme Polglase",
year = "2013",
doi = "10.1113/jphysiol.2012.249680",
language = "English",
volume = "591",
pages = "2127 -- 2137",
journal = "The Journal of Physiology",
issn = "0022-3751",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "8",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Intrauterine inflammation alters cardiopulmonary and cerebral haemodynamics at birth in preterm lambs

AU - Galinsky, Robert

AU - Hooper, Stuart Brian

AU - Wallace, Megan Jane

AU - Westover, Alana Jasmine

AU - Black, Mary Jane

AU - Moss, Timothy James Murugesan

AU - Polglase, Graeme

PY - 2013

Y1 - 2013

N2 - Intrauterine inflammation is associated with preterm birth and poor long-term cardiopulmonary outcomes. We aimed to determine the effect of intrauterine inflammation on the cardiopulmonary and cerebral haemodynamic transition at birth, and the response to subsequent haemodynamic challenge. Fetal instrumentation was performed at approximately 112 days gestation (term is 147 days) for measurement of cardiopulmonary and cerebral haemodynamics. At 118 days, inflammation was induced by intra-amniotic administration of lipopolysaccharide (LPS; n = 7); controls (n = 5) received intra-amniotic saline. At 125 days lambs were delivered and mechanically ventilated. Arterial blood gases, pulmonary and systemic arterial blood pressures and flows were measured during the perinatal period. At 10 min a haemodynamic challenge was administered by increasing positive end-expiratory pressure. During the first 10 min after birth, LPS-exposed lambs had higher pulmonary vascular resistance and lower pulmonary blood flow and left ventricular output than controls. Carotid arterial blood flow was higher in LPS-exposed lambs than controls between 3 and 7 min after delivery, and cerebral oxygen delivery was higher at 5 min. During the haemodynamic challenge, pulmonary blood flow and left ventricular output were reduced in controls but not in LPS-exposed lambs; a transient reduction in brachiocephalic arterial pressure occurred in LPS-exposed lambs but not in controls. Intrauterine inflammation altered the cardiopulmonary and cerebral haemodynamic transition at birth and reduced the cardiopulmonary response to a haemodynamic challenge after birth. The transient reduction in brachiocephalic arterial pressure suggests intrauterine inflammation may alter cerebrovascular control following an increase in positive end-expiratory pressure.

AB - Intrauterine inflammation is associated with preterm birth and poor long-term cardiopulmonary outcomes. We aimed to determine the effect of intrauterine inflammation on the cardiopulmonary and cerebral haemodynamic transition at birth, and the response to subsequent haemodynamic challenge. Fetal instrumentation was performed at approximately 112 days gestation (term is 147 days) for measurement of cardiopulmonary and cerebral haemodynamics. At 118 days, inflammation was induced by intra-amniotic administration of lipopolysaccharide (LPS; n = 7); controls (n = 5) received intra-amniotic saline. At 125 days lambs were delivered and mechanically ventilated. Arterial blood gases, pulmonary and systemic arterial blood pressures and flows were measured during the perinatal period. At 10 min a haemodynamic challenge was administered by increasing positive end-expiratory pressure. During the first 10 min after birth, LPS-exposed lambs had higher pulmonary vascular resistance and lower pulmonary blood flow and left ventricular output than controls. Carotid arterial blood flow was higher in LPS-exposed lambs than controls between 3 and 7 min after delivery, and cerebral oxygen delivery was higher at 5 min. During the haemodynamic challenge, pulmonary blood flow and left ventricular output were reduced in controls but not in LPS-exposed lambs; a transient reduction in brachiocephalic arterial pressure occurred in LPS-exposed lambs but not in controls. Intrauterine inflammation altered the cardiopulmonary and cerebral haemodynamic transition at birth and reduced the cardiopulmonary response to a haemodynamic challenge after birth. The transient reduction in brachiocephalic arterial pressure suggests intrauterine inflammation may alter cerebrovascular control following an increase in positive end-expiratory pressure.

UR - http://jp.physoc.org/content/591/8/2127.full.pdf+html

U2 - 10.1113/jphysiol.2012.249680

DO - 10.1113/jphysiol.2012.249680

M3 - Article

VL - 591

SP - 2127

EP - 2137

JO - The Journal of Physiology

JF - The Journal of Physiology

SN - 0022-3751

IS - 8

ER -