Intranasal administration of mesenchymoangioblast-derived mesenchymal stem cells abrogates airway fibrosis and airway hyperresponsiveness associated with chronic allergic airways disease

Simon G. Royce, Siddharth Rele, Brad R.S. Broughton, Kilian Kelly, Chrishan S. Samuel

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23 Citations (Scopus)


Structural changes known as airway remodeling (AWR) characterize chronic/severe asthma and contribute to lung dysfunction. Thus, we assessed the in vivo efficacy of induced pluripotent stem cell and mesenchymoangioblast-derived mesenchymal stem cells (MCA-MSCs) on AWR in a murine model of chronic allergic airways disease (AAD)/asthma. Female Balb/c mice were subjected to a 9-wk model of ovalbumin (Ova)induced chronic AAD and treated intravenously or intranasally with MCA-MSCs from weeks 9 to 11. Changes in airway inflammation (AI), AWR, and airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR) were assessed. Ova-injured mice presented with AI, goblet cell metaplasia, epithelial thickening, increased airway TGF-β1 levels, subepithelial myofibroblast and collagen accumulation, total lung collagen concentration, and AHR (all P < 0.001 vs. uninjured control group). Apart from epithelial thickness, all other parameters measured were significantly, although not totally, decreased by intravenous delivery of MCA-MSCs to Ova-injured mice. In comparison, intranasal delivery of MCA-MSCs to Ova-injured mice significantly decreased all parameters measured (all P < 0.05 vs. Ova group) and, most notably, normalized aberrant airway TGF-β1 levels, airway/lung fibrosis, and AHR to values measured in uninjured animals. MCA-MSCs also increased collagen-degrading gelatinase levels. Hence, direct delivery of MCA-MSCs offers great therapeutic benefit for the AWR and AHR associated with chronic AAD.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4168 - 4178
Number of pages11
JournalThe FASEB Journal
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sept 2017


  • Airway remodeling
  • Asthma
  • Pulmonary delivery
  • Therapies

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