Intrahousehold resource allocation: Do parents reduce or reinforce child ability gaps?

Paul Frijters, David Johnston, Manisha Shah, Michael A Shields

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Do parents invest more or less in their high-ability children? We provide new evidence on this question by comparing observed ability differences and observed investment differences between siblings living in the United States. To overcome endogeneity issues, we use sibling differences in handedness as an instrument for cognitive ability differences. We find that parents invest more in high-ability children, with a 1 standard deviation increase in child cognitive ability increasing parental investments by approximately one-third of a standard deviation. Consequently, differences in child cognitive ability are enhanced by differential parental investments.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2187 - 2208
Number of pages22
JournalDemography
Volume50
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

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