Projects per year
Current inhaled polymyxin therapy is empirical and often large doses are administered, which can lead to pulmonary adverse effects. There is a dearth of information on the mechanisms of polymyxin-induced lung toxicity and their intracellular localization in lung epithelial cells. Objectives: To investigate the intracellular localization of polymyxins in human lung epithelial A549 cells. Methods: A549 cells were treated with polymyxin B and intracellular organelles (early and late endosomes, endoplasmic reticulum, mitochondria, lysosomes and autophagosomes), ubiquitin protein and polymyxin B were visualized using immunostaining and confocal microscopy. Fluorescence intensities of the organelles and polymyxin B were quantified and correlated for co-localization using ImageJ and Imaris platforms. Results: Polymyxin B co-localized with early endosomes, lysosomes and ubiquitin at 24 h. Significantly increased lysosomal activity and the autophagic protein LC3A were observed after 0.5 and 1.0mM polymyxin B treatment at 24 h. Polymyxin B also significantly co-localized with mitochondria (Pearson's R0.45) and led to the alteration of mitochondrial morphology from filamentous to fragmented form (n3, P,0.001). These results are in line with the polymyxin-induced activation of the mitochondrial apoptotic pathway observed in A549 cells. Conclusions: Accumulation of polymyxins on mitochondria probably caused mitochondrial toxicity, resulting in increased oxidative stress and cell death. The formation of autophagosomes and lysosomes was likely a cellular response to the polymyxin-induced stress and played a defensive role by disassembling dysfunctional organelles and proteins. Our study provides new mechanistic information on polymyxin-induced lung toxicity, which is vital for optimizing inhaled polymyxins in the clinic.
- 1 Finished
Optimising inhaled polymyxins as a vital therapy for pulmonary infections: A novel biochemical, molecular imaging and systems pharmacology approach
Li, J., Chan, H., Velkov, T., Zhou, Q. (. & Zhou, F.
1/01/16 → 31/12/18
Stephen Firth (Manager), Alex Fulcher (Operator), Oleks Chernyavskiy (Operator), Margaret Rzeszutek (Other), David Potter (Manager), Volker Hilsenstein (Operator), Juan Nunez-Iglesias (Other), Stephen Cody (Manager), Irena Carmichael (Operator), Betty Kouskousis (Other), Sarah Creed (Manager) & Giulia Ballerin (Operator)Faculty of Medicine Nursing and Health Sciences Research Platforms