Intervention for Diabetes with Education, Advancement and Support (IDEAS) study: Protocol for a cluster randomised controlled trial

Jun Yang Lee, Carina Ka Yee Chan, Siew Siang Chua, Chirk Jenn Ng, Thomas Paraidathathu, Kenneth Kwing Chin Lee, Shaun Wen Huey Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleOtherpeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)


Background: The high market penetration of mobile phones has triggered an opportunity to combine mobile technology with health care to overcome challenges in today's health care setting. Although Malaysia has a high Internet and mobile penetration rate, evaluations of the efficacy of incorporating this technology in diabetes care is not common. We report the development of a telemonitoring coaching system, using the United Kingdom (UK) Medical Research Council (MRC) framework, for patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Methods: The Intervention for Diabetes with Education, Technological Advancement and Support (IDEAS) study is a telemonitoring programme based on an empowerment philosophy to enable participants to be responsible for their own health decision and behaviour. An iterative cycle of development, piloting, and collating qualitative and quantitative data will be used to inform and refine the intervention. To increase compliance, the intervention will be designed to encourage self-management using simple, non-technical knowledge. The primary outcomes will be HbA1c, blood pressure, total cholesterol, and quality of life and diabetes self-efficacy. In addition, an economic analysis on health service utilisation will be collected. Discussion: The mixed-method approach in this study will allow for a holistic overview of using telemonitoring in diabetes care. This design enables researchers to understand the effectiveness of telemonitoring as well as provide insights towards the receptiveness of incorporating information technology amongst type 2 diabetes patients in a community setting. Trial registration: NCT02466880 Registered 2 June 2015.

Original languageEnglish
Article number524
Number of pages9
JournalBMC Health Services Research
Publication statusPublished - 29 Sept 2016


  • Diabetes management
  • Remote monitoring
  • Telemonitoring
  • Type 2 diabetes mellitus

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