Interpersonal skills scale: Development and validation in urbanized sample of adolescents

Sayyeda Taskeen Zahra, Sadia Saleem, Sara Subhan, Zahid Mahmood

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8 Citations (Scopus)


Interpersonal skills play a vital role in the growth and development of adolescents. The current study explored the experience and manifestation of interpersonal skills in Pakistani adolescents. In phase I, using open-ended phenomenological approach, key components of interpersonal skills were elicited from 32 adolescents (boys = 16; girls = 16) aged 11–19 years (M = 14.48; SD = 1.06). In phase II, Content Validity Index for items (I-CVIs) and scale (S-CVI) was established. In phase III, pilot testing was carried out on 21 adolescents (boys = 11; girls = 10). In Phase IV, a sample of 674 adolescents (boys = 47%; girls = 53%) aged 11–19 years (M = 14.88; SD = 1.33) were tested for psychometric properties of Interpersonal Skills Scale along with Social Intelligence Scale for Adolescents and Self-Esteem Scale for Children. Exploratory Factor Analysis (n = 221) generated three factors of the Interpersonal Skills Scale social engagement, sociability, and social etiquettes. Confirmatory Factor Analysis (n = 453) also supported the three-factor structure of the Interpersonal Skills Scale. Furthermore, the scale found to have high internal consistency, construct validity, discriminant validity, split-half reliability, and test–retest reliability. The results are discussed in the light of factorial structure in the Pakistani cultural context.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)23-37
Number of pages15
JournalSocial Development
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2021
Externally publishedYes


  • adolescence
  • interpersonal skills
  • reliability
  • sociability
  • social engagement
  • social etiquettes
  • validity

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