Internalized homophobia and depression in lesbian women: The protective role of pride

Constance Rubino, Rosalind Case, Alastair Anderson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


This study sought to examine the association between internalized homophobia and depressive symptoms in lesbian women, and establish whether such a relationship was mediated by collective self-esteem, self-esteem, and self-disclosure. Participants were 225 self-identified lesbian women in the community. Structural equation modeling was used to demonstrate that an underlying construct, labeled pride, reflected participants’ levels of self-esteem, collective self-esteem, and self-disclosure. Internalized homophobia was moderately and negatively predictive of pride, and pride was strongly and negatively predictive of depression. Results highlight the potentially protective role of pride in the prevention of depression among lesbian women.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)244-260
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Gay & Lesbian Social Services
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2018


  • depression
  • internalized homophobia
  • lesbian
  • outness
  • pride

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