Internal carotid artery occlusion for cavernous segment aneurysm

J. R. Little, J. V. Rosenfeld, I. A. Awad

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Abstract

We review our recent experience with occlusion of the cervical internal carotid artery (ICA) in 15 patients with symptomatic aneurysms of the cavernous segment. All the patients were women and ranged in age from 38 to 74 years. Ten patients sought treatment initially for ophthalmoplegia, 9 for retro-orbital pain, 8 for facial paresthesia, and 3 for loss of vision. Two patients had symptoms of transient ocular or brain ischemia. The diameter of the aneursym was greater than 3 cm in 10 patients. Ten patients underwent gradual occlusion of the ICA by Selverstone clamp under anticoagulation and monitoring of neurological status. One patient underwent ligation of a severely stenotic ICA under general anesthesia and electroencephalographic monitoring. Four patients underwent trapping of the aneurysm (after attempts at direct obliteration) under electroencephalographic and cerebral blood flow monitoring. Two patients with incompetent circle of Willis collaterals underwent prophylactic superficial temporal artery to middle cerebral artery bypass surgery prior to ICA occlusion. There was no postoperative clinical change in 9 patients. Ophthalmoplegia improved in 2 patients, and facial pain improved in 3. Three patients developed new extraocular muscle palsies within hours of ICA occlusion; these resolved in all patients by 1 week postoperatively. No change in aneurysm size was documented by serial postoperative computed tomographic or magnetic resonance imaging scans. After a follow-up of 5 to 6 years (range, 6 months-9 years), 11 patients have remained neurologically stable. Two patients experienced delayed transient worsening of visual or facial symptoms. Two patients developed delayed ipsilateral brain ischemia: one patient had a visibly patent superficial temporal artery to middle cerebral artery bypass; the second patient had an occluded A-1 segment that previously had been patent. These results are discussed in light of direct aproaches and recent techniques of intervention.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)398-404
Number of pages7
JournalNeurosurgery
Volume25
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1989
Externally publishedYes

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