Intermediate phase-enhanced Ostwald ripening for the elimination of phase segregation in efficient inorganic CsPbIBr2 perovskite solar cells

Wei Li, Benjia Zhu, Mathias Uller Rothmann, Amelia Liu, Weijian Chen, Yen Yee Choo, Narendra Pai, Wenxin Mao, Tian Zhang, Qiaoliang Bao, Xiaoming Wen, Udo Bach, Joanne Etheridge, Yi-Bing Cheng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearch

14 Citations (Scopus)


Mixed halide perovskites with the ability to tune bandgaps exhibit attractive applications in tandem solar cells, building integrated photovoltaic and wavelength-tunable light-emitting devices. However, halide demixing under illumination or in the dark with a charge-carrier injection in both hybrid and inorganic perovskites results in bandgap instability and current-density-voltage (J-V) hysteresis, which can significantly hamper their application. Here, we demonstrate that halide segregation and J-V hysteresis in mixed halide inorganic CsPbIBr2 solar cells can be effectively mitigated by introducing an intermediate phase-enhanced Ostwald ripening through the control of the chemical composition in the CsPbIBr2 precursor solution. Excess amounts of either PbBr2 or CsI are incorporated into originally even molar amounts of PbBr2 and CsI precursor solutions. With the PbBr2-excess, we observed an enlarged perovskite grain size, no detectable halide phase segregation at the grain boundaries nor the perovskite/TiO2 interface, an increased minority carrier lifetime, a reduced J-V hysteresis, and an improved solar-cell performance. However, different CsI:PbBr2 stoichiometric ratios were found to have different effects on the performance of the perovskite solar cell. The excessive lead phase is reactive with the dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) in the precursor solution to form the Pb(I, Br)2-DMSO complex and the quasi-two-dimensional (2D) CsPb2(I, Br)5, which are conducive to Ostwald maturation and defect extinction. Finally, the CsPbIBr2 solar cell with a PbBr2-excess precursor composition reaches a power conversion efficiency (PCE) of 9.37% (stabilized PCE of 8.48%) and a maximum external quantum efficiency of over 90%.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2655-2666
Number of pages12
JournalScience China Materials
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2021


  • cathodoluminescence
  • CsPbIBr
  • phase segregation
  • solar cells
  • transmission electron microscope

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