Interleukin-6 promotes pulmonary emphysema associated with apoptosis in mice

Saleela Ruwanpura, Louise McLeod, Alistair Miller, Jessica Jones, Steven Bozinovski, Ross Vlahos, Matthias Ernst, Jane Armes, Philip Bardin, Gary Anderson, Brendan Jenkins

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33 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The IL-6 cytokine family, which signals via the shared gp130 coreceptor, is linked with the pathogenesis of emphysema. However, the definitive mechanisms by which these cytokines cause emphysema remain ill-defined. We took an in vivo genetic complementation approach to identify the specific IL-6 cytokine family members and gp130-regulated cellular processes that cause emphysema. We used gp130(F/F) mice homozygous for a subtle knock-in mutation in gp130 that deregulates intracellular signaling by the IL-6 cytokine family. The gp130(F/F) mice spontaneously develop emphysema by age 6 months. Within the IL-6 cytokine family, only IL-6 was significantly up-regulated in the lungs of gp130(F/F) mice, and the genetic targeting of IL-6 in gp130(F/F) mice (gp130(F/F):IL-6(-/-)) prevented emphysema. By contrast, the genetic ablation of receptor signaling via IL-11, which like IL-6 signals via a gp130 homodimer and uses the same signaling machinery, failed to ameliorate emphysema in gp130(F/F) mice. Among the disease-associated processes examined, emphysema strongly correlated with elevated alveolar cell apoptosis. Acute (4-day) exposure to cigarette smoke (CS) further augmented the expression of IL-6 in lungs of gp130(F/F) mice, and subchronic (6-week) exposure to CS exacerbated emphysematous and apoptotic changes in the lungs of gp130(F/F) but not gp130(F/F): IL-6(-/-) mice. IL-6 is the main causative agent of IL-6 cytokine family-induced emphysema, and operates to induce apoptosis in the lung. We propose that the discrete targeting of IL-6 signaling may provide an effective therapeutic strategy against human lung disease.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)720 - 730
Number of pages11
JournalAmerican Journal of Respiratory Cell and Molecular Biology
Volume45
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011

Cite this

Ruwanpura, Saleela ; McLeod, Louise ; Miller, Alistair ; Jones, Jessica ; Bozinovski, Steven ; Vlahos, Ross ; Ernst, Matthias ; Armes, Jane ; Bardin, Philip ; Anderson, Gary ; Jenkins, Brendan. / Interleukin-6 promotes pulmonary emphysema associated with apoptosis in mice. In: American Journal of Respiratory Cell and Molecular Biology. 2011 ; Vol. 45, No. 4. pp. 720 - 730.
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abstract = "The IL-6 cytokine family, which signals via the shared gp130 coreceptor, is linked with the pathogenesis of emphysema. However, the definitive mechanisms by which these cytokines cause emphysema remain ill-defined. We took an in vivo genetic complementation approach to identify the specific IL-6 cytokine family members and gp130-regulated cellular processes that cause emphysema. We used gp130(F/F) mice homozygous for a subtle knock-in mutation in gp130 that deregulates intracellular signaling by the IL-6 cytokine family. The gp130(F/F) mice spontaneously develop emphysema by age 6 months. Within the IL-6 cytokine family, only IL-6 was significantly up-regulated in the lungs of gp130(F/F) mice, and the genetic targeting of IL-6 in gp130(F/F) mice (gp130(F/F):IL-6(-/-)) prevented emphysema. By contrast, the genetic ablation of receptor signaling via IL-11, which like IL-6 signals via a gp130 homodimer and uses the same signaling machinery, failed to ameliorate emphysema in gp130(F/F) mice. Among the disease-associated processes examined, emphysema strongly correlated with elevated alveolar cell apoptosis. Acute (4-day) exposure to cigarette smoke (CS) further augmented the expression of IL-6 in lungs of gp130(F/F) mice, and subchronic (6-week) exposure to CS exacerbated emphysematous and apoptotic changes in the lungs of gp130(F/F) but not gp130(F/F): IL-6(-/-) mice. IL-6 is the main causative agent of IL-6 cytokine family-induced emphysema, and operates to induce apoptosis in the lung. We propose that the discrete targeting of IL-6 signaling may provide an effective therapeutic strategy against human lung disease.",
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Interleukin-6 promotes pulmonary emphysema associated with apoptosis in mice. / Ruwanpura, Saleela; McLeod, Louise; Miller, Alistair; Jones, Jessica; Bozinovski, Steven; Vlahos, Ross; Ernst, Matthias; Armes, Jane; Bardin, Philip; Anderson, Gary; Jenkins, Brendan.

In: American Journal of Respiratory Cell and Molecular Biology, Vol. 45, No. 4, 2011, p. 720 - 730.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Interleukin-6 promotes pulmonary emphysema associated with apoptosis in mice

AU - Ruwanpura, Saleela

AU - McLeod, Louise

AU - Miller, Alistair

AU - Jones, Jessica

AU - Bozinovski, Steven

AU - Vlahos, Ross

AU - Ernst, Matthias

AU - Armes, Jane

AU - Bardin, Philip

AU - Anderson, Gary

AU - Jenkins, Brendan

PY - 2011

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N2 - The IL-6 cytokine family, which signals via the shared gp130 coreceptor, is linked with the pathogenesis of emphysema. However, the definitive mechanisms by which these cytokines cause emphysema remain ill-defined. We took an in vivo genetic complementation approach to identify the specific IL-6 cytokine family members and gp130-regulated cellular processes that cause emphysema. We used gp130(F/F) mice homozygous for a subtle knock-in mutation in gp130 that deregulates intracellular signaling by the IL-6 cytokine family. The gp130(F/F) mice spontaneously develop emphysema by age 6 months. Within the IL-6 cytokine family, only IL-6 was significantly up-regulated in the lungs of gp130(F/F) mice, and the genetic targeting of IL-6 in gp130(F/F) mice (gp130(F/F):IL-6(-/-)) prevented emphysema. By contrast, the genetic ablation of receptor signaling via IL-11, which like IL-6 signals via a gp130 homodimer and uses the same signaling machinery, failed to ameliorate emphysema in gp130(F/F) mice. Among the disease-associated processes examined, emphysema strongly correlated with elevated alveolar cell apoptosis. Acute (4-day) exposure to cigarette smoke (CS) further augmented the expression of IL-6 in lungs of gp130(F/F) mice, and subchronic (6-week) exposure to CS exacerbated emphysematous and apoptotic changes in the lungs of gp130(F/F) but not gp130(F/F): IL-6(-/-) mice. IL-6 is the main causative agent of IL-6 cytokine family-induced emphysema, and operates to induce apoptosis in the lung. We propose that the discrete targeting of IL-6 signaling may provide an effective therapeutic strategy against human lung disease.

AB - The IL-6 cytokine family, which signals via the shared gp130 coreceptor, is linked with the pathogenesis of emphysema. However, the definitive mechanisms by which these cytokines cause emphysema remain ill-defined. We took an in vivo genetic complementation approach to identify the specific IL-6 cytokine family members and gp130-regulated cellular processes that cause emphysema. We used gp130(F/F) mice homozygous for a subtle knock-in mutation in gp130 that deregulates intracellular signaling by the IL-6 cytokine family. The gp130(F/F) mice spontaneously develop emphysema by age 6 months. Within the IL-6 cytokine family, only IL-6 was significantly up-regulated in the lungs of gp130(F/F) mice, and the genetic targeting of IL-6 in gp130(F/F) mice (gp130(F/F):IL-6(-/-)) prevented emphysema. By contrast, the genetic ablation of receptor signaling via IL-11, which like IL-6 signals via a gp130 homodimer and uses the same signaling machinery, failed to ameliorate emphysema in gp130(F/F) mice. Among the disease-associated processes examined, emphysema strongly correlated with elevated alveolar cell apoptosis. Acute (4-day) exposure to cigarette smoke (CS) further augmented the expression of IL-6 in lungs of gp130(F/F) mice, and subchronic (6-week) exposure to CS exacerbated emphysematous and apoptotic changes in the lungs of gp130(F/F) but not gp130(F/F): IL-6(-/-) mice. IL-6 is the main causative agent of IL-6 cytokine family-induced emphysema, and operates to induce apoptosis in the lung. We propose that the discrete targeting of IL-6 signaling may provide an effective therapeutic strategy against human lung disease.

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U2 - 10.1165/rcmb.2010-0462OC

DO - 10.1165/rcmb.2010-0462OC

M3 - Article

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EP - 730

JO - American Journal of Respiratory Cell and Molecular Biology

JF - American Journal of Respiratory Cell and Molecular Biology

SN - 1044-1549

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